Cash transfer programme and its impact on BR1M/BSH recipients in Malaysia / Mohd Ahadan Md Nooh

Md Nooh, Mohd Ahadan (2021) Cash transfer programme and its impact on BR1M/BSH recipients in Malaysia / Mohd Ahadan Md Nooh. Masters thesis, Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM).


The cash transfer programme (CTP) is one of the main initiatives undertaken by Malaysia under the social protection strategy to address poverty among the poor and vulnerable groups. It is one way to protect them from the pressure of high cost of living. In 2012, the Bantuan Rakyat 1 Malaysia (BR1M) scheme was introduced as one of the CTPs in Malaysia, which was later changed to Bantuan Sara Hidup (BSH). However, since its introduction, there have been a number of critiques on the implementation of the CTP. Some of the criticisms include that they were low handouts which did not give meaningful impact, a large amount was spent by the Malaysian government which might not be sustainable in the long run and it did not reach its intended target. Hence, this study explores the perception of BR1M/BSH recipients on CTP procedures. It also tries to understand and explore how CTP addresses the issue of cost of living and how it improves the quality of life of the recipients. This study uses a qualitative research approach of thematic analysis where ten BRIM/BSH recipients in Kuala Lumpur were interviewed based on a structured questionnaire. These ten informants live in Program Perumahan Rakyat (PPR) housing apartments in ten different districts in Kuala Lumpur and were identified through the head of each PPR. Findings show that the cash transfer programme had an effect on their cost of living in the sense that it gave them extra financial capability to cater for their necessity and also plan for their future needs. In the long run, the government should look into improving the social safety net in Malaysia to ensure that vulnerable groups and people who lose their income due to unforeseen circumstances are protected. As such, this study will enable government and policy makers to analyse, design and improve CTPs in line with SDG goal 1 of addressing poverty in the nation.


Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
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Md Nooh, Mohd Ahadan
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Thesis advisor
Subramaniam, Geetha
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HG Finance > Personal finance. Financial literacy
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam > Faculty of Business and Management
Programme: Master of Science (Business Management)
Keywords: Cash Transfer Programme (CTP), urban recipients, Bantuan Rakyat 1 Malaysia (BR1M), Bantuan Sara Hidup (BSH), Malaysia, SDG
Date: 2021
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