Determination of nominal module operating temperature for polycrystalline photovoltaic module / Ardin Manja

Manja, Ardin (2021) Determination of nominal module operating temperature for polycrystalline photovoltaic module / Ardin Manja. Masters thesis, Universiti Teknologi MARA.


Under the certification of design qualification and type approval for PV modules; IEC61215 and IEC61424, Nominal Module Operating Temperature (NMOT) has been introduced in the year 2016 replacing Nominal Operating Cell Temperature (NOCT) due to the uncertainty of NOCT value and challenges during the execution of NOCT quantification. In addition, numerous studies still emphasized on NOCT determination which does not adhere to the IEC61215-2 standards. Moreover, NMOT in the IEC61215-2 standards was very limitedly deliberated particularly in the context of tropical climate conditions. Thus, the aim of this study is to determine the NMOT for polycrystalline PV module that suits Malaysia climate. This aim has been achieved through three sequential objectives of designing and developing a stand-alone photovoltaic (SAPV) system for NMOT testing, determining the coefficient of solar irradiance (μ0) and coefficient of wind speed (μ1) in NMOT model and establishing a revised NMOT model that suits Malaysia climate conditions. The design of the 0.345 kWp SAPV system for NMOT testing was first performed using mathematical model with solar irradiation profile of the chosen site and loads requirement as the two main constraints. The SAPV system obtained from the design was then installed according to IEC61215-2 and IEC61853-2 recommendations at the chosen site in Shah Alam, Malaysia. All climatic data were obtained `5 months’ to satisfy the amount of data and the data filtration requirement by IEC61853-2. The data were then analysed using regression. Subsequently, the μ0 of 35.927 and μ1 of -2.724 were obtained from the regression analysis. These values were then used to modify the NMOT in mathematical model described in the IEC61215-2 standard. Consequently, a revised NMOT model was established for polycrystalline PV module under the Malaysia climate. The revised NMOT model showed a calculated NMOT value of 55.6℃ for polycrystalline PV module based on the corresponding Standard Reference Environment (SRE) conditions of Malaysia, i.e. ambient temperature (AT) of 31℃, solar irradiance (SI) of 800W/m2 and wind speed (WS) of 1ms−2. The accuracy of the revised NMOT model was found to be acceptable with PE, RMSE, and MAPE found to be 4.34%, 1.84℃ and 4.50% respectively.


Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Email / ID Num.
Manja, Ardin
Email / ID Num.
Thesis advisor
Zainuddin, Hedzlin (Associates Professor Dr.)
Subjects: T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics. Nuclear engineering > Photovoltaic power systems
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam > Faculty of Applied Sciences
Programme: Master of Science (Applied Physics)
Keywords: Climate; photovoltaic; temperature
Date: November 2021
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