Exploring critical success factors of education for sustainable development (ESD): Malaysian eco-schools as a case study / Amina Suleiman Mohamoud

Suleiman Mohamoud, Amina (2021) Exploring critical success factors of education for sustainable development (ESD): Malaysian eco-schools as a case study / Amina Suleiman Mohamoud. Masters thesis, Universiti Teknologi MARA.


This study seeks to explore the critical success factors of implementing education for sustainable development (ESD) in schools. As the world has realized a move towards sustainability is inevitable, sustainable development (SD) was adopted and headed by the United Nations. To embed the concept of sustainable development in the minds of young people who will be the future generations and to create the best practice and attitude towards environment, education for sustainable development (ESD) was introduced as an approach of teaching and learning in schools. Malaysia has implemented (ESD) and became a member in the Foundation of Environmental Education (FEE) and a member in the Worldwide Fund for Nature (WWF) which is running the eco school program nationally. However, as the uptake of the eco school status and environmental excellence of ‗Green Flag‘ award is very low, this gives the hint of the need for these schools to be aware of success factors which can lead to effective implementation of education for sustainable development. Hence, an exploratory research based on grounded theory approach was conducted. The data was attained from interviews with eco leaders of awarded eco schools and with a ―program officer‖ of the eco school program in WWF Malaysia. The findings suggest for a model that consists of 33 critical success factors of implementing (ESD), fulfilled through four main school elements: 1) the eco- committee, 2) the teacher (eco leader), 3) the students and 4) the school management. This model can be used as guidelines for those seeking to effectively implement education for sustainable development in eco-schools. Observational research might be carried out, as future agenda, to witness the influence of these factors when practically applied in real situations and monitor their impact in the process of implementing ESD in schools.


Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
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Suleiman Mohamoud, Amina
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Thesis advisor
Kassim, Erne Suzila (Assoc. Prof. Dr.)
Subjects: L Education > LB Theory and practice of education > School administration and organization > School management and discipline
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam > Faculty of Business and Management
Programme: Master of Science (Business and Management)
Keywords: Sustainable development; education; eco-schools; critical success factors; maqasid sharia; Islamic attitude
Date: June 2021
URI: https://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/60092
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