Investigating the performance of turfgrass as passive cooling elements in building courtyard / Mohd Zulazri Ismail

Ismail, Mohd Zulazri (2020) Investigating the performance of turfgrass as passive cooling elements in building courtyard / Mohd Zulazri Ismail. Masters thesis, Universiti Teknologi MARA.


The current trend in constructing a building in Malaysia is having enough green space to meet the minimum standard of ‘green building'. Typically, having vegetation in or around the building area will give cooling effects to the building especially building with courtyard. According to the previous studies, the presence of vegetation as passive cooling element will lead to the reducing of environment temperature which later contributes to the cooling environment and can adequately adjust the building microclimate. The passive cooling technique uses vegetation as a non-mechanical method to maintain a comfortable indoor and outdoor temperature. Vegetation such as turfgrass is widely used in the landscape design for buildings and design spaces. However, based on the previous research, there have been few studies regarding the impact of using turfgrass as an element in a passive cooling technique for building courtyard in Malaysia. This research aims to investigate turfgrass performance as one of the passive cooling technique element. To achieve this aim, three objectives have been formulated; (1) to measure temperature reduction on courtyard by using turfgrass; (2) to compare temperature differences between the turfgrass area and concrete area; (3) to investigate the significant of air temperature reduction of the turfgrass area compared to concrete area as passive cooling technique. The methodology adopted for this research is a field experiment and the investigation was implemented in one case study, a building courtyard with two different surfaces; the turfgrass area and concrete area. All data gathered in the finding implies that the turfgrass is capable of reducing air temperature provided that the turfgrass needs to meet the standard to be a passive cooling element. However, the significant differences between the performance of the turfgrass area and concrete area should be considered, given that the selected variables affect the result from both areas towards achieving passive cooling


Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Email / ID Num.
Ismail, Mohd Zulazri
Email / ID Num.
Thesis advisor
Abdul Rahman, Norhafizah (Associate Professor Dr.)
Thesis advisor
Ismail, Asmat (Dr.)
Subjects: N Fine Arts > NA Architecture > Sustainable architecture
T Technology > TH Building construction > Environmental engineering of buildings. Sanitary engineering of buildings
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam > Faculty of Architecture, Planning and Surveying
Programme: Master of Science (Green Architecture)
Keywords: Microclimate; relative humidity; wind; solar radiation; courtyard; surfaces; passive cooling
Date: May 2020
Edit Item
Edit Item


[thumbnail of 59096.pdf] Text

Download (36kB)

Digital Copy

Digital (fulltext) is available at:

Physical Copy

Physical status and holdings:
Item Status:

ID Number




Statistic details