GCMS analysis, alpha-amylase and alpha-glucosidase inhibitory activities of selected flowers / Amira Nabilah Mohd Nizam

Mohd Nizam, Amira Nabilah (2020) GCMS analysis, alpha-amylase and alpha-glucosidase inhibitory activities of selected flowers / Amira Nabilah Mohd Nizam. Masters thesis, Universiti Teknologi MARA.


Diabetes mellitus has a significant impact on society and its prevalence is steadily increasing worldwide including in Malaysia. Maintaining postprandial glucose level through the inhibition of glucose hydrolysing-enzymes such as α-amylase and α-glucosidase is one of the treatment approaches used to manage the disease. However, the use of synthetic inhibitors could lead to several complications such as cardiovascular disease and gastrointestinal reactions. Thus, researches are suggesting the usage of inhibitors derived from natural sources such as plants. This might be due to the fact that plants contain various phytochemicals which contribute to many pharmacological activities including antidiabetic. Hence, the objectives of this study are to screen the phytochemicals constituents and to examine the antidiabetic potential of Ixora coccinea, Ruellia brittoniana, Mussaenda philippica, Plumeria obtusa and Allamanda cathartica ethanol flower extract through α-amylase and α-glucosidase inhibition assays. The phytochemical analysis was determined by using gas chromatography mass spectrometry (GCMS) whereas the α-amylase and α-glucosidase inhibition activities were examined using colorimetric method. From the GCMS analysis, all the ethanol flower extracts had more than 10 compounds with probability values of 90 above. P. obtusa contains the most phytochemicals with 26 compounds, in which linoleic acid ethyl eser and ethyl 9-cis,11-trans-octadecadienoate were found to be the most abundant . In the α-amylase inhibition assay, M. philippica showed the lowest IC50 value (371.47 ± 28.76 μg/ml ) followed by A. cathartica (394.66 ± 32.45 μg/ml), I. coccinea (444.58 ± 9.84 μg/ml), and P. obtusa (449.38 ± 57.70 μg/ml) whereas the α-glucosidase inhibition assay showed that M. philippica obtained the lowest IC50 value (60.89 ± 2.69 μg/ml), followed by I. coccinea (154.31 ± 15.00 μg/ml), A. cathartica (198.14 ± 22.31 μg/ml), R. brittoniana (229.02 ± 20.07 μg/ml) and P. obtusa (250.71 ± 33.40 μg/ml). From this study, it can be observed that the ethanol flower extract of M. philippica had the lowest IC50 value in both α-amylase and α-glucosidase assay. This is might be due to the presence of squalene, supraene and pentadecanoic acid, 14-methyl,methyl ester as detected in the GCMS analysis, thus suggesting the extract as a potential candidate for natural inhibitors of α-amylase and α-glucosidase. However, the safety and efficacy of these extracts should be further assessed in the future research through toxicity test and in-vivo study to validate their potential as α-amylase and α-glucosidase inhibitor.


Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Email / ID Num.
Mohd Nizam, Amira Nabilah
Email / ID Num.
Thesis advisor
Jaafar Sidik, Norrizah (Assoc Prof Dr)
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry > Organic chemistry > Biochemistry
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam > Faculty of Applied Sciences
Programme: Master of Science (Applied Biology)
Keywords: Diabetes mellitus, natural sources, antidiabetic
Date: October 2020
URI: https://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/59092
Edit Item
Edit Item


[thumbnail of 59092.pdf] Text

Download (42kB)

Digital Copy

Digital (fulltext) is available at:

Physical Copy

Physical status and holdings:
Item Status:

ID Number




Statistic details