Unsaturated polyester-graphene coatings treated silane coupling agent for metal corrosion protection / Hasniraaiman Abdul Hamid

Abdul Hamid, Hasniraaiman (2020) Unsaturated polyester-graphene coatings treated silane coupling agent for metal corrosion protection / Hasniraaiman Abdul Hamid. Masters thesis, Universiti Teknologi MARA.


This study has been develop to reduce the corrosion and improved the protection of the offshore platform by using unsaturated polyester (UPE) resin reinforced graphene (GR) primer coatings. The study was done by firstly; modifying GR loadings from 0-8% to determine the optimum loading, secondly; the optimization studies were undergone by using different mixing techniques (ultrasonication and mechanical stirring) and different mixing times at 30, 60, and 90 minutes to determine the optimum condition and lastly; the effect of silanization of GR with different loading of silane coupling agent, 3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane (3-APTES) from 1-7% to improve the dispersion of GR into the UPE resin. The primer coatings have been coated onto the carbon steel plate by using hand brush. Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FT-IR) characterization technique is successfully done to analyze the functional group present and evaluate the UPE-GR and treated GR interaction. The Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscope (FE-SEM) analysis also has been done to study the surface morphology of the coatings. Corrosion rate for the preliminary studies shows the optimum results at 2% of GR loadings at 0.586 millimetre per year (mmpy) and no corrosion was found on the coating for immersion test in seawater and salt solution for 9 days. Whilst, mechanical properties which are pencil hardness, cross-cut adhesion strength and pull-off adhesion strength also shows the optimum properties at 2% of GR loading with 5H of pencil hardness, 0% of area has been removed from cross-cut adhesion test, and 3.35MPa of adhesion for pull-off adhesion strength test. The incorporation of 2% of GR loadings in UPE primer system successfully improved the mechanical properties and inhibits the corrosion of metal substrate due to well dispersion of GR into the UPE resin. The ultrasonication and mechanical stirring method in optimization studies shows the optimum anti-corrosive and mechanical properties at 60 minutes mixing times. The optimum corrosion rate for ultrasonication method is 0.375 mmpy whilst for mechanical stirring method is 0.536 mmpy. Both methods shows the optimum pencil hardness at 5H and 0% of coating being detached from the substrate for cross-cut adhesion strength. The optimum pull-off adhesion strength has been observed for ultrasonication method and mechanical stirring method at 3.78MPa and 3.58MPa, respectively. The optimum condition was found at 60 minutes mixing time by using ultrasonication method. This is due to the ultrasonication method produced more uniform dispersion of GR compared to the mechanical stirring method as the ultrasonication possessed a good vibration energy dissipation to enable a better disentanglement of GR. The enhancement of UPE-GR 2% using 3-APTES with different loading (1, 3, 5 and 7%) by using ultrasonication method at 60 minutes mixing time was also successfully conducted. The results showed the optimum properties with improved mechanical and anti-corrosive behaviour at 3% of APTES. The corrosion rate is found at 0.073 mmpy and the corrosion has not been formed on the substrate after immersion test. The conductivity also was found at 1.289 x 10-8 Ω.cm2. The mechanical properties also showed the optimum condition at 3% of treated GR with 5H of the pencil hardness, 0% of area being detached from the substrate, pull-off adhesion strength at 4.19MPa and 160.23°of contact angle. This is attributed to the 3-APTES that acted as a dispersion agent and enhanced the interaction of GR with UPE resin as well as improved the mechanical and anti-corrosive properties of the coatings.


Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Email / ID Num.
Abdul Hamid, Hasniraaiman
Email / ID Num.
Thesis advisor
Ahmad, Zuliahani (Dr)
Thesis advisor
Mohd Ishak, Mohd Azlan (Prof. Ts. Dr)
Thesis advisor
Abd Aziz, Azniwati (Dr)
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry > Inorganic chemistry > Metals
Q Science > QD Chemistry > Physical and theoretical chemistry
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam > Faculty of Applied Sciences
Programme: Master of Science (Science and Polymer Technology)
Keywords: Corrosion in oil; gas platform coatings; primer coatings; unsaturated polyester (upe) primer coatings; mixing techniques; mixing times; silane coupling agent; corrosive properties of coatings; mechanical properties of coatings
Date: June 2020
URI: https://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/59084
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