Community structure, endemism and edaphic relationship of tree communities at Sungai Lalang Forest Reserve, Selangor, Malaysia / Natasha Hamdan

Hamdan, Natasha (2020) Community structure, endemism and edaphic relationship of tree communities at Sungai Lalang Forest Reserve, Selangor, Malaysia / Natasha Hamdan. Masters thesis, Universiti Teknologi MARA.


This study was conducted at Sungai Lalang Forest Reserve, Selangor to determine the community structure, diversity and distribution of tree communities in relation to edaphic factors. The study area comprised of 20 x 25 m 14 subplots in 0.7 hectares plot. All trees with diameter at breast height (DBH) of 5 cm and above were measured, identified and recorded. Soil samples were collected and analysed to determine their chemical and physical properties. A total of 562 trees were enumerated where 82 species, 67 genera and 34 families were recorded. The Dipterocarpaceae was the most speciose family with 12 species and Syzygium myrtifolium (Myrtaceae) was the most distributed in all plots. Dipterocarpaceae recorded the highest density with 96 ind/ha while Syzygium myrtifolium (Myrtaceae) had the highest species density with 87 ind/ha. The total tree basal area (BA) was 32.05 m2/ha and the family with the highest BA was Dipterocarpaceae with 13.29 m2/ha while at the species level, Shorea leprosula (Dipterocarpaceae) recorded the highest BA of 4.29 m2/ha. The Shannon˗Weiner Diversity Index (H’) of tree communities showed a value of 3.64 (H’max = 4.41) while the Evenness Index was 0.83 which indicates that the frequencies between tree species are similar. Dipterocarpaceae is the most dominant family with the highest Importance Value of 19.60%. The soil analysis showed that sandy clay dominated the soil texture at all plots whilst the percentage of organic matter content ranged from 5.60% to 14.67% with a mean pH value of 4.17±0.11. Total cation exchange capacity (CEC) recorded a value of 2.05 ± 0.31 meq/100g while the value of nutrient availability for N, Mg, K and P are 0.12 ± 0.02 μg/g, 28.79 ± 1.24 μg/g, 267.46 ± 20.28 μg/g and 2.23 ± 0.27 μg/g, respectively. The Redundancy Analysis (RDA) showed that Scaphium linearicarpum (Malvaceae) was strongly correlated to nitrogen (N) while Shorea parvifolia (Dipterocarpaceae) had positive association with phosphorus (P). Overall, the distribution pattern of tree communities at the study site was associated with soil characteristics and further forest management is needed to conserve the endemic and threatened tree species.


Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Email / ID Num.
Hamdan, Natasha
Email / ID Num.
Thesis advisor
Pardi, Faezah (Dr)
Thesis advisor
Mustafa Bakray, Nur ‘Aqilah (Dr)
Subjects: Q Science > QE Geology > Dynamic and structural geology
Q Science > QH Natural history - Biology > Bioactive compounds
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam > Faculty of Applied Sciences
Programme: Master of Science (Applied Biology)
Keywords: Malaysian tropical rainforests; species diversity; tree biomass; soil
Date: November 2020
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