Fracture mechanics analysis of prestressed concrete railway sleepers containing fibres / Afidah Abu Bakar

Abu Bakar, Afidah (2010) Fracture mechanics analysis of prestressed concrete railway sleepers containing fibres / Afidah Abu Bakar. PhD thesis, Universiti Teknologi MARA.

Abstract

The Malaysian rail industry has developed tremendously over the last decade in order to play a major role in providing better alternative for road users. Taking a cue to future developments, sleeper demand will also increase. However, these prestressed concrete sleepers are mostly prestressed concrete types designed with less emphasis on dynamic irregularities of the train or the rails that generate fatigue loads. Cracks could develop during a train passage which can be a threat to the overall stiffness properties as they can propagate further under repeated loads. By utilising fibres, namely polypropylene as crack arresters, the behaviour of the sleeper would definitely change. Thus the research work presented in this thesis is focused on the performance of fibred prestressed concrete sleeper (HSFRC) under static and fatigue loads. Preliminary material study was carried out to select a new mix design of high strength concrete containing fibres. A major part of the laboratory investigation covered on the preparation of the sleeper itself and compliance to design requirements. There were no formations of cracks or crack propagations in the sleepers under constant and variable amplitude loads, testifying that fibres were effective in crack resistance. The proposed fibred-sleeper was capable to resist 97% of the yield strength after the occurrence of first crack and has a maximum strength capacity of 36% higher than the non-fibred sleeper (HSC). The residual strengths at post-fatigue remained almost similar for both types of sleepers depending on the cyclic stress ratios, but failures of the non-fibred sleepers were severe. Analysis sought by Linear Elastic Fracture Mechanics (LEFM) was extended using static test results and found that equivalent fatigue characteristics and life of sleepers had all been improved significantly. These include fracture toughness properties, stress intensities and crack growth rate. The fibres were effective to control cracks and its life is predicted at 86% more than the non-fibred sleepers.

Metadata

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Creators:
Creators
Email / ID Num.
Abu Bakar, Afidah
2002100269
Subjects: T Technology > TE Highway engineering. Roads and pavements > Pavements and paved roads
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam > Faculty of Civil Engineering
Programme: PhD in Civil Engineering
Date: November 2010
URI: https://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/5831
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