The effectiveness of synthetic molluscicides against the adults of golden apple snail (Pomacea canaliculata, Lamarck) / Farah Izreen Kamarudin

Kamarudin, Farah Izreen (2014) The effectiveness of synthetic molluscicides against the adults of golden apple snail (Pomacea canaliculata, Lamarck) / Farah Izreen Kamarudin. [Student Project] (Unpublished)


Pomacea canaliculata or its common name golden apple snail is a potential species to be the major pest of paddy plants in Malaysia. Malaysia has warm climate which is suitable for the reproduction of the snails. In order to control the population of the snails, the use of synthetic molluscicides is seen to be the best option to control it. But the over usage of molluscicides will cause hazardous effect to non-target organism and even to human. Due to the invasive characteristics of the golden apple snails, it causes high damage to paddy plants. The study identifies the effective synthetic molluscicides dosage and later prolongs their effectiveness. Golden apple snail has three developmental stages namely egg, pre-adult and adult. The egg of golden apple snail is bright pink in colour, deposited on any objects that is above the water level and will hatch one to two weeks after deposition. Maturity of snails is 60 to 90 days after hatching; the diameter of the shell for adult snail is in the range of 3cm to 8cm. All experiments and observations were carried out in the Entomology Laboratory, Science and Agrotechnology Laboratory Complex UiTM Sabah. In this study, bioassay against the adults of Pomacea canaliculata was conducted. The samples were first collected from paddy fields in Kota Belud, Sabah and snails were sorted according to shell's height. The snails were then acclimated for 1 week before the experiment. The synthetic mollusicicides used in this study consist of three types which are MOSTOX® 5 GR, Bayluscide WP 70® and Brand X® 5 GR. By using recommended rate for each molluscicides, Five different concentrations were prepared and tested against the snails. Mortality rate for the tested snails were recorded after 48 hours of experiment. Dead snails do not react and retract when being probed by needle. The study identified the most effective synthetic molluscicides against Pomacea canaliculata is Bayluscide WP 70®, followed by MOSTOX® 5 GR and Brand X® 5 GR respectively.


Item Type: Student Project
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Kamarudin, Farah Izreen
Subjects: Q Science > QK Botany > Plant ecology
Q Science > QK Botany > Classification. Systematics and taxonomy
S Agriculture > SB Plant culture > Pests and diseases > Pest control and treatment of diseases. Plant protection
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Sabah > Kota Kinabalu Campus > Faculty of Applied Sciences
Programme: Bachelor of Science (Hons.) Biology
Keywords: Pomacea canaliculata, golden apple snail, effectiveness
Date: 2014
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