Glyph-based visual design of Malay phoneme pronunciation and intonation for pantun visualisation / Zakiah Noh

Noh, Zakiah (2021) Glyph-based visual design of Malay phoneme pronunciation and intonation for pantun visualisation / Zakiah Noh. PhD thesis, Universiti Teknologi MARA.


The digitalisation of information has become more prevalent in cultural heritage. This method is vital in preserving the abundance of cultural heritage information while maintaining the artistic and scientific values. Similarly, the Malay pantun is one of Malaysia's textual cultural heritages, where the values should be preserved from deteriorating through time. Furthermore, it is the oldest Malay artwork with a copyright of the Malay race. However, the research on Malay poetry that highlighted the ability to preserve Malay poetry's unique structure and reveal the details of the text features was scarce. Besides, only a few studies focused on the pronunciation and intonation of Malay pantun. The current research on Malay pantun highlighted the superficial information (distant reading) about the texts and their influence on society. Also lacking is the use of glyph-based techniques in literary studies, particularly in the design of pronunciation. This research explored Malay pantun and focused on phonetic learning, which consisted of Malay phoneme and Malay pantun intonation (close reading). Five phases were performed to guide the process of development Malay pantun visualisation. In the first phase, the research identified the domain problem characterisation of the Malay language and pantun. Following that, data abstraction in phase two was where the data was collected based on the requirements for domain problem characterisation. Phase three developed a visual design for Malay phoneme based on human speech structure and intonation design, which followed the waveform from the pantun text read by the poet. The development of this visual design was based on a technique known as a glyph, which contributed to the visual model for learning Malay word pronunciation and pantun text intonation. In phase four, the demonstration process mapped the visual model, which was the visual glyph-based design for Malay phoneme that synchronised with the text position of the Malay pantun text using iterative-based visual mapping. The visualisation highlighted the unique structure of Malay pantun features. Finally, phase five evaluated the visual design and visualisation system through a questionnaire between two groups of students with different phonetic knowledge levels. Three factors were considered in the usability testing technique for evaluation: usefulness, learnability, and satisfaction of the visual design and visualization system. The researcher used the parametric method t-Test to investigate the significant difference in the evaluation level in terms of usefulness, learnability, and satisfaction of glyph design and visualization system. The study confirmed that two groups of students obtained different evaluation levels (p-value = 0.00) due to their different pieces of knowledge in the phonetic field. Moreover, the mean of APB students was higher than SAKURA students. The evaluation results from the Malay pantun visualization system indicated that the students accepted Malay pantun visualization as a learning tool to learn Malay word pronunciation and pantun. This research also recorded that Malay pantun intonation improved the students' reading of the Malay pantun despite the Malay language being a non-tonal language. In conclusion, the Malay pantun visualization system could be used as a learning tool about the Malay language and pantun. This study is noteworthy because it will help literary academics from Malaysia and other countries learn Malaysian literature by facilitating Malay pantun texts with detailed textual features. Notably, the visualization capability was higher than the computer technology due to its ability to preserve the values of the Malay language and Malay pantun.


Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Email / ID Num.
Noh, Zakiah
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Thesis advisor
Omar, Nasiroh (Assoc. Prof. Dr.)
Subjects: P Language and Literature > P Philology. Linguistics
P Language and Literature > P Philology. Linguistics > Language and languages
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam > Faculty of Computer and Mathematical Sciences
Programme: Doctor of Philosophy (Computer Science) - CS950
Keywords: malay, pantun, cultural
Date: November 2021
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