Catalytic study of Ni/Ce/Al2O3 for the extraction of naphthenic acids from petroleum crude oil / Nurul Hidayah Aziz

Aziz, Nurul Hidayah (2019) Catalytic study of Ni/Ce/Al2O3 for the extraction of naphthenic acids from petroleum crude oil / Nurul Hidayah Aziz. [Student Project] (Unpublished)


Naphthenic Acids (NAs) present in crude oil leads to corrosion problems in oil refinery equipment, storage, facilities and even reduces the performances of the oil. The aim of this study is to reduce total acid number (TAN) of petroleum crude oil using 2-methylimidazole with the aid of Ni/Ce(10:90)/Al2O3 catalyst through the catalytic deacidification technique. The catalyst were supported on the alumina through Incipient Wetness Impregnation (IWI) methods and calcined at calcination temperature of 800°C, 900°C and 1000°C. Ni/Ce(10:90)/Al2O3 catalyst was characterized by using Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR), X-ray Diffraction Spectroscopy (XRD) and Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET), to study physicochemical properties of the catalyst. The results shows Ni/Ce(10:90)/Al2O3 catalyst successfully reduced number of acids in crude oil to 0.50 from 4.22 mg KOH/g at 1000°C calcination temperature and catalyst loading of 0.39% (7 beads). XRD analysis proposed Al2O3 and CeO2 fcc was the active site for Ni/Ce(10:90)/Al2O3 catalyst. C-H alkanes stretching, -CH2- alkanes stretching and pure metal oxides stretching modes were detected on the catalyst at wavelength of 2952.49 to 2852.82, 1599.38, and 862.81 to 537.27 cm-1 respectively by FTIR analysis after catalytic deacidification process which indicates that there were impurities that have adsorbed on the catalyst surface. The catalytic reaction was fixed at reaction time of 15 minutes and temperature of 27°C. As a conclusion, the catalysts successful reduce TAN value of acidic crude oil to less than 1.00 mg KOH/g.


Item Type: Student Project
Email / ID Num.
Aziz, Nurul Hidayah
Subjects: Q Science > QC Physics > Optics. Light > Spectroscopy
Q Science > QC Physics > Radiation physics (General)
T Technology > TP Chemical technology > Petroleum refining. Petroleum products
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Pahang > Jengka Campus > Faculty of Applied Sciences
Programme: Bachelor of Science (Hons.) Chemistry
Keywords: Petroleum crude oil, catalytic deacidification technique, incipient wetness impregnation (IWI) methods
Date: 2019
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