Bioaccumulation of heavy metals in dried squids (Loligo sp.) in Melaka Tengah District / Nur Aidah Ehsanudin

Ehsanudin, Nur Aidah (2016) Bioaccumulation of heavy metals in dried squids (Loligo sp.) in Melaka Tengah District / Nur Aidah Ehsanudin. [Student Project] (Unpublished)

Abstract

Anthropogenic activities continuously increase the amount of heavy metals in the environment, especially in aquatic ecosystem. As heavy metals cannot be degraded thus, they are deposited in water, sediment and aquatic animals. Therefore, heavy metals can be bioaccumulated and biomagnified via the food chain and finally assimilated by human consumers resulting in health risks. Dried squids were purchased randomly from different markets in Melaka Tengah district and selected according to the species and size range from 30 to 40 cm. The samples were homogenized and been ash using muffle furnace. Heavy metals were analysed using Graphite Furnace Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer (GF AAS). From this study, the heavy metal concentrations revealed an order of Zn > Cu > Cd. Besides, there are no significant difference between heavy metal concentrations in samples from batch 1 and batch 2. In addition, for the point of view for the public, all the studied heavy metal concentrations were below the maximum permissible levels that had been set according to Malaysia Food Act 1983 and Regulations. The concentrations were also below the levels regarded by several selected food safety guidelines. Moreover, the hazard index for both batches of dried squids from Loligo sp. was less than 1.0. This value indicates that the intake of the heavy metals from the consumption of the dried squids does not pose an appreciable hazard to humans. The results could establish a baseline for heavy metals deposited in squids in order to monitor heavy metal pollution trends in the future.

Metadata

Item Type: Student Project
Creators:
Creators
Email / ID Num.
Ehsanudin, Nur Aidah
2012895006
Contributors:
Contribution
Name
Email / ID Num.
Thesis advisor
Shafie, Farah Ayuni
UNSPECIFIED
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
S Agriculture > S Agriculture (General) > Soils. Soil science. Including soil surveys, soil chemistry, soil structure, soil-plant relationships
T Technology > TN Mining engineering. Metallurgy > Metallurgy
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Selangor > Puncak Alam Campus > Faculty of Health Sciences
Programme: Bachelor of Environmental Health and Safety
Keywords: dried squid (Loligo sp. ), heavy metals, bioaccumulation, hazard index
Date: 2016
URI: https://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/55249
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