The prevalence of noncompliance to dietary recommendation among Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in Shah Alam, Selangor / Ainun Mardhiah Hashim

Hashim, Ainun Mardhiah (2016) The prevalence of noncompliance to dietary recommendation among Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in Shah Alam, Selangor / Ainun Mardhiah Hashim. Degree thesis, Universiti Teknologi MARA (Kampus Puncak Alam).


Diabetes is one of the global non-communicable diseases. The prevalence of diabetes increasing by year has led to many chronic diseases such as heart disease, renal disease, glaucoma and retinopathy. Prevention program to delay the increase in a number of cases have done around the world such as diet modification and lifestyle changes. This study is purposed to determine the prevalence of noncompliance among Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus towards diet recommendation and their knowledge to the role of diet in the recommendation. Besides that, this study also aims to see the relationship between socio­ demographic factors to the adherence level among patients who attended for a diabetic clinic in Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia. This study is a cross-sectional study design by using face to face interview. The sampling method was done by using convenience sampling method. Total of 235 data were collected in this study by using self­ administered. Educational level and BMI have shown to be significantly associated with the compliance level. Primary education and normal BMI (18.5-24.9 kg/m²) group have shown to be more noncompliance to dietary recommendation. In summary, the overall rate of noncompliance to dietary based on the means day per week were recorded to be 231 (98.3%) of the population. Thus this showed that the prevalence of noncompliance to dietary recommendation were still high among Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus. The dietary management needs to be more effective and more informative by considering the sociodemographic characteristics of the patients.


Item Type: Thesis (Degree)
Email / ID Num.
Hashim, Ainun Mardhiah
Email / ID Num.
Thesis advisor
Danis, Ajau
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine > Personal health and hygiene. Including clothing, bathing, exercise, travel, nutrition, sleep, sex hygiene
R Medicine > RC Internal Medicine > Diabetes Mellitus
R Medicine > RM Therapeutics. Pharmacology > Diet therapy. Dietary cookbooks
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Selangor > Puncak Alam Campus > Faculty of Health Sciences
Programme: Bachleor (Hons) of Nutrition and Dietetics
Keywords: Dietary recommendation, non-compliance, prevalence, Type 2 diabetes mellitus
Date: January 2016
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