Studies on alkaline solid polymer blends electrolyte for batteries / Faizatul Farah Hatta

Hatta, Faizatul Farah (2006) Studies on alkaline solid polymer blends electrolyte for batteries / Faizatul Farah Hatta. Masters thesis, Universiti Teknologi MARA.

Abstract

Alkaline solid polymer blends electrolyte (ASPBE) films comprising a blend of
poly(vinylalcohol) (PVA) and poly(vinylpyrrolidone) (PVP), potassium hydroxide
(KOH) as ionic dopant, ethylene carbonate (EC) and propylene carbonate (PC) as
plasticizer have been prepared by solution casting technique. The concentration ratio of
the polymer blend, ionic dopant and plasticizer was varied systematically. The PVAPVP
blend has good mechanical strength as tested using tensile measurement. X-ray
diffraction (XRD) studies have been conducted to investigate the complexation in the
alkaline solid polymer blends electrolyte. The XRD results revealed that the amorphous
domain of PVA was increased when the PVP was blended. The variation in film
morphology was examined by scanning electron microscopic (SEM). The thermal
properties of these films were performed using differential scanning calorimeter (DSC)
and the result has confirmed the miscibility between the polymeric components. The
conductivity was studied using complex impedance spectroscopy to investigate ionic
conduction in blending PVA/PVP, PVA/PVP-KOH, PVA/PVP-KOH-EC and
PVA/PVP-KOH-PC electrolyte systems. The complex impedance spectroscopy results
revealed that the high-frequency semicircle was due to the bulk effect of the material.
The conductivity was found to increase in the order of 10"7
-10"4
Scm"1
with the increase
in ionic dopant and plasticizer concentrations at temperature range from 30-110 °C. The
PVA/PVP system with a composition of 80 wt.% PVA and 20 wt.% PVP exhibited the
highest conductivity of (2.2 ± 1.4) x 10"7
Scm"1
and the value was enhanced to
(1.5 ± 1.1) x 10"4
Scm"1
when 40 wt.% KOH was added.

Metadata

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Creators:
Creators
Email / ID Num.
Hatta, Faizatul Farah
UNSPECIFIED
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry > Physical and theoretical chemistry > Electrolytes, electrolyte solutions
T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics. Nuclear engineering
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam > Faculty of Applied Sciences
Keywords: Alkaline solid polymer blends electrolyte, poly(vinylalcohol), poly(vinylpyrrolidone), potassium hydroxide, ethylene carbonate
Date: 2006
URI: https://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/548
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