Analysis on Tuberculosis in Bintulu from 2013 to 2017 / Mohd izwan Masngut ... [et al.]

Masngut, Mohd izwan and Jaya, Vanessa Julan and Muga, Rona Ruran and Shafie, Farah Ayuni and Md Rashid, Razi Ikhwan (2019) Analysis on Tuberculosis in Bintulu from 2013 to 2017 / Mohd izwan Masngut ... [et al.]. Healthscope, 1. pp. 173-177. ISSN 2735-0649


In Malaysia, Tuberculosis (TB) cases has been identified as one of re-emerging communicable disease with high number of death rate. This study aims to analyze the TB incidence trend in Bintulu, Sarawak from 2013 to 2017 using spatial and temporal approach. TB cases were classified by risk factors of gender, age, nationality, occupation, level of education and health status. The XY-coordinates of all 1175 identified cases data were used to generate spatial-temporal maps using ArcMap 10.5 and later for the identification of the hotspots area. Results showed that Bintulu town is the hotspot of TB, with the greatest proportion was among male patients (70.3%), age of 15 to 65 and above, Malaysians (85%), those with no education (29.4%), unemployed patients (26.8%), non-diabetics (85.3%), non-smokers (60.7%) and HIV-negative patients (94.8%). For effective prevention and control, thorough TB screening should be implemented for all citizens and non-citizens in Bintulu. This study also suggest the application of spatial and temporal analysis on TB should be extend for other areas in Sarawak.


Item Type: Article
Email / ID Num.
Masngut, Mohd izwan
Jaya, Vanessa Julan
Muga, Rona Ruran
Shafie, Farah Ayuni
Md Rashid, Razi Ikhwan
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine > Personal health and hygiene. Including clothing, bathing, exercise, travel, nutrition, sleep, sex hygiene
R Medicine > RC Internal Medicine > Tuberculosis
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Selangor > Puncak Alam Campus > Faculty of Health Sciences
Journal or Publication Title: Healthscope
UiTM Journal Collections: Others > Healthscope
ISSN: 2735-0649
Volume: 1
Page Range: pp. 173-177
Keywords: Bintulu, risk factors, spatial-temporal distribution, Tuberculosis,
Date: June 2019
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