A Study of Selected VOCs Exposure and Lung Function Performance Among Petrochemical Workers / Nur Haziana Norzan

Norzan, Nur Haziana (2011) A Study of Selected VOCs Exposure and Lung Function Performance Among Petrochemical Workers / Nur Haziana Norzan. [Student Project] (Unpublished)


Introduction: Volatile organic compounds (Voes) are organic chemical compounds whose composition makes it possible for them to evaporate under normal indoor atmospheric conditions of temperature and pressure. In petrochemical industry, the chemical materials that used are very toxic to human when inhale which can cause acute respiratory effects such as headache, breathlessness, sorethroat, nose running, eye irritation and cough. Studies found that impairment in lung function performance among petrochemical workers are related to various work-related factors including exposure to volatile organic compound that produce from occupational hazard materials. Methodology: The study was conducted in petrochemical industry located at Gebeng, Pahang Darul Makmur. The study design of this study is cross-sectional study. Sampling data collection using Pocket Pump, Thermal tube desorption, vitalgraph spirometry, oral interview and modified American Thoracic Society Questionnaire. A statistical analysis that is statistical package for the social science (SPSS) version 17.0 was used in this study. Results: The study was found that most of the workers in exposed group exposed high concentration of benzene.toluene and xylene (BTX) compared to unexposed group. Mean for benzene, toluene and xylene in exposed group were 0.20, 2.64 and 4.45 meanwhile in unexposed group were 0.05, 1.63 and 2.10. There is significant difference in lung function test between exposed group ari'tl unexposed group (FVe, p=0.001; FEV1, p=0.001; FEV1/FVe, p=0.015). Only 2 symptoms of respiratory problem from the study showed significant association (p<0.05). The prevalence of headache and breathlessness for exposed group (headache=32.5% breathlessness=32.5%) is higher than unexposed group (headache=21.3% breathlessness=18.8%).this study also found inverse correlation between BTX concentration and lung function performance among both groups. Conclusion: In conclusion, high exposure of selected voes concentration able to reduce the lung function performance among the workers in petrochemical industry. There was significance difference between benzene, toluene and xylene concentration among the exposed group and unexposed group. Finding also showed a significance difference between benzene, toluene and xylene exposure and lung function performance among the workers and a significance association between selected voes and respiratory symptoms among the exposed and unexposed workers


Item Type: Student Project
Email / ID Num.
Norzan, Nur Haziana
Email / ID Num.
Thesis advisor
Ismail, Rodziah
Thesis advisor
Karuppannan, Subramaniam
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal Medicine > Specialties of internal medicine > Diseases of the lungs
T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering > Environmental effects of industries and plants
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Selangor > Puncak Alam Campus > Faculty of Health Sciences
Programme: Bachelor in Environmental Health and Safety
Keywords: VOCs, lung function performance, respiratory symptoms, benzene, toluene, xylene
Date: 2011
URI: https://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/54628
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