Study on toxic waste handling and safety practices with health effects among petroleum gas production workers / Siti Hawa Basri

Basri, Siti Hawa (2008) Study on toxic waste handling and safety practices with health effects among petroleum gas production workers / Siti Hawa Basri. Degree thesis, Universiti Teknologi MARA ( Kampus Puncak Alam ).

Abstract

This study is on toxic waste handling and safety practices in a selected gas manufacturing industry with health effects among petroleum gas production workers. Petroleum industries are involved in a broad spectrum of petroleum operations ranging from oil and gas. One of its key areas of management is by complying with the country's laws which includes the Environment Quality Act, 1974 and Environment Quality (Schedule. Waste) Regulations, 2005. The study objective included the management methods of toxic and hazardous chemicals (scheduled waste) and related practices that are used in the Petroleum Gas industry. Further, a comparative cross-sectional study was carried out among exposed workers (n=60) in the petroleum gas production and the data compared with a control group (n=60) in of office workers. The respondents were selected on simple random sampling and included inclusive criteria such as male (sex), Malay (race) and worked for at least three years. The study data revealed that three (n=3) -, symptoms namely sore throat, asthma and headache were identified among the exposed workers with a significant association (p<0.05) due to toxic and hazardous waste exposures. All these symptoms that occurred are related to health effects (toxicity and irritation) among workers. Lube oil (present as a toxic and hazardous waste) has been linked to cancer of the skin and scrotum. The poor control measures that lead to adverse health effects due to the Spent Lube Oil (SW 305) exposures were shown among the exposed groups. It can be concluded that these presence of waste chemicals with toxic and hazardous properties led to health risks to workers who were exposed to these toxic and hazardous chemicals. Improved risk controls based upon the hierarchy of controls would be vital in improving the safety and health among these workers.

Metadata

Item Type: Thesis (Degree)
Creators:
Creators
Email / ID Num.
Basri, Siti Hawa
UNSPECIFIED
Contributors:
Contribution
Name
Email / ID Num.
Thesis advisor
Karuppannan, Subramaniam
UNSPECIFIED
UNSPECIFIED
Abdullah, Abdul Mujid
UNSPECIFIED
Thesis advisor
UNSPECIFIED
UNSPECIFIED
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine > Environmental health. Including sewage disposal, air pollution, nuisances, water supply
T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering > Environmental pollution
T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering > Special types of environment. Including soil pollution, air pollution, noise pollution
T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering > Air pollution and its control
T Technology > TN Mining engineering. Metallurgy > Nonmetallic minerals
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Selangor > Puncak Alam Campus > Faculty of Health Sciences
Programme: Bachelor in Environmental Health and Safety
Keywords: toxic waste, health, petroleum, gas
Date: May 2008
URI: https://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/54580
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