A study on prolonged sitting and low back pain among rubber product manufacturing workers / Nur Hasyimah Ab Halim

Ab Halim, Nur Hasyimah (2011) A study on prolonged sitting and low back pain among rubber product manufacturing workers / Nur Hasyimah Ab Halim. [Student Project] (Unpublished)


Introduction : Static work postures is an isometric positions where very little movement occurs, along with cramped or inactive postures that cause static loading on the muscles. Sitting, especially prolonged sitting is generally accepted as a risk factor in developing low back pain. The workers at this factory exposed to prolonged sitting by the processes called cementing and finishing and about 50 workers was selected to be a subject. Objective : To study the association between prolonged sitting posture and occupational low back pain among workers at rubber product manufacturing factory. Methodology : The study was conducted in rubber based manufacturing industry located at Jitra, Kedah Darul Aman. The study located at some processes that need the workers to prolong sitting such as cementing, finishing and inspection. The study design of this study is cross-sectional study. Data was collected using Modified Nordic Musculoskeletal Disorder Questionnaire, oral interview, direct observation, measuring work station dimension, photograph and rapid entire body assessment (REBA). The statistical analysis was carried out using statistical package for the social science (SPSS) version 16.0. Results: The one year prevalence of low back pain among Operators in the rubber manufacturing industry was 70%. There was an association between prolonged sitting and low back which was (p<0.001 ). The other musculoskeletal disorders that related to prolonged sitting and significantly associated were eye strain which (p=0.013) and wrist pain (p=0.033). The scores of REBA mostly about 8-10 and it indicated an Action Level 3. It showed that the working posture of prolonged sitting is high risk job, must be investigated and implement change. For work station, the chairs provided did not follow the Guidelines by Department of Occupational Safety and Health (DOSH) and not suitable for various anthropometric of humans. Control Group has lower prevalence of low back pain which was 9 (18%) and they were not caused by prolonged sitting since they did not expose to it. Result showed that risk factors of low back pain are from lifting heavy load 5 (10%), prolonged standing 2 (4%) and not sure is 2(4%). Conclusion : In conclusion, there was an association between prolonged sitting and low back pain at this factory.


Item Type: Student Project
Email / ID Num.
Ab Halim, Nur Hasyimah
Email / ID Num.
Thesis advisor
Chua, Say Tiong
Thesis advisor
Hussain, Hazilia
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine > Personal health and hygiene. Including clothing, bathing, exercise, travel, nutrition, sleep, sex hygiene
R Medicine > RD Surgery > Operative surgery. Technique of surgical operations
R Medicine > RD Surgery > Backache
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Selangor > Puncak Alam Campus > Faculty of Health Sciences
Programme: Bachelor in Environmental Health and Safety
Keywords: Low Back Pain, Prolonged Sitting, REBA, MSDs.
Date: May 2011
URI: https://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/54181
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