E. coli contamination in hot springs at Hulu Selangor/ Muhamad Nur Fitri Abd Rahim... [et al.]

Abd Rahim, Muhamad Nur Fitri and Mohd Shahid, Nadiatul Syima and Masgnut, Mohd Izwan and Ismail, Rodziah and Mohd Yatim, Siti Rohana and Rajan, Shantakumari (2019) E. coli contamination in hot springs at Hulu Selangor/ Muhamad Nur Fitri Abd Rahim... [et al.]. Health Scope, 1. pp. 178-180. ISSN 2735-0649


Recreational use of water can have benefits to health and well-being. However it also poses a risk to health through exposure to chemical and microbiological organisms as well as physical risks such as drowning and injury if the water is polluted and unsafe. There are many well-known hot springs in Malaysia that are serves as tourist attractions. The purpose of this study was to assess the recreational water quality at selected hot springs in Hulu Selangor. A total of three samples of water were taken from each of the three hot springs in Hulu Selangor which are Kuala Kubu Bharu, Batang Kali and Kerling. The study was repeated twice. Physical parameters (pH, temperature and turbidity) were measured in-situ using Hanna Multiparameter and turbidity meter. Biological parameter (E. coli) was measured ex-situ used colilert method. All physical parameters for all three hot springs complied with the standard but the number of E. coli exceeded the acceptable level from the standard in all of the hot springs. An independent t-test showedthat there was a significant difference (p<0.05) for turbidity during high peak day and low peak day between hot springs but there are no significant difference for pH, temperature and E. coli. There are no significant correlation (p>0.05) between the presence of the E. coli with turbidity. The findings in this study shows that increased users may pollutethehot spring and posea risk to the users. Thus, this study can be used to formulate strategies to overcome the issues.


Item Type: Article
Email / ID Num.
Abd Rahim, Muhamad Nur Fitri
Mohd Shahid, Nadiatul Syima
Masgnut, Mohd Izwan
Ismail, Rodziah
Mohd Yatim, Siti Rohana
Rajan, Shantakumari
Subjects: Q Science > QR Microbiology > Bacteria
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine > Environmental health. Including sewage disposal, air pollution, nuisances, water supply
T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering > Water supply for domestic and industrial purposes > Qualities of water. Water quality
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Selangor > Puncak Alam Campus > Faculty of Health Sciences
Journal or Publication Title: Health Scope
UiTM Journal Collections: Others > Healthscope
ISSN: 2735-0649
Volume: 1
Page Range: pp. 178-180
Keywords: E. coli, hot springs, recreational water, water quality
Date: June 2019
URI: https://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/53995
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