Impact of occupational activities amongst Visual Display Unit (VDU) user to shoulder Range of Motion (ROM) / Rasidah Abdullah

Abdullah, Rasidah (2012) Impact of occupational activities amongst Visual Display Unit (VDU) user to shoulder Range of Motion (ROM) / Rasidah Abdullah. [Student Project] (Unpublished)


Introduction: Ergonomic risk associated with activities involving Visual Display Unit (VDU) could possibly increase among office workers due to length of work time and repetitive task of job. Common risks factors normally associated with VDU operations involve musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) problem. The objective of this project is to study the impact of occupational activities amongst Visual Display Units (VDU) user to shoulder Range of Motion (ROM).
Methodology: The study was conducted among selected office and administration staff (n=40) in a manufacturing factory located at Shah Alam, Selangor. This study was a cross-sectional study. The sampling data was collected using Modified Nordic Musculoskeletal Disorder Questionnaire, interviews, range of motion measurement & photographs. Shoulder Range of Motion (ROM), were measured using Goniometer. Analytical and descriptive statistical analysis was determined using Statistical Package for the Social Science (SPSS) version 18.0.
Result: The result showed that shoulder Range of Motion (ROM) of the VDU users was normal when compare with American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons, MOS standards. Paired t-test and Wilcoxon Signed Rank Test showed that there were no significant different between right and left shoulder (p>0.05) between VDU users accept for shoulder abduction. Level of education and training shows association with the awareness of VDU users on the knowledge and the important of ergonomic (p<0.05). There was an association of flexion for right and left shoulder and abduction of right shoulder (p<0.05) with the occupational activities of VDU users which are computer usage and keyboar<\ and mouse usage per hour. Whereas, frequency of using office phone have significant with abduction right shoulder.
Conclusion: In conclusion, repetitive motion of VDU users showed development of MSDs Symptom, which indicating chronic ergonomic problems. There was a mean different between right and left shoulder indicate that job tasks may have MSDs linkage. On the other hand, there was an association between the occupational activities of VDU users with their shoulder range of motion. Solutions and recommendations were derived from this study to reduce problems of MSDs among VDU users.


Item Type: Student Project
Email / ID Num.
Abdullah, Rasidah
Email / ID Num.
Thesis advisor
Hussain, Hazilia
Thesis advisor
Ismail, Rodziah
Thesis advisor
Masuri, Mohamad Ghazali
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
R Medicine > RC Internal Medicine > Diseases of the musculoskeletal system
R Medicine > RD Surgery > Backache
T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics. Nuclear engineering > Electronics > Computer engineering. Computer hardware
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Selangor > Puncak Alam Campus > Faculty of Health Sciences
Programme: Bachelor in Environmental Health and Safety
Keywords: Particulate Matter 10 µm(PM10), respiratory symptoms, lung function performance
Date: July 2012
Edit Item
Edit Item


[thumbnail of 53922.PDF] Text

Download (1MB)

Digital Copy

Digital (fulltext) is available at:

Physical Copy

Physical status and holdings:
Item Status:

ID Number




Statistic details