Law and governance of waqf in selected higher education institutions (HEIs) in Malaysia: lessons learnt from Turkey / Rohayati Hussin

Hussin, Rohayati (2020) Law and governance of waqf in selected higher education institutions (HEIs) in Malaysia: lessons learnt from Turkey / Rohayati Hussin. PhD thesis, Universiti Teknologi MARA.


Waqf implementation in higher education institutions (HEIs) must be with the approval of the State Islamic Religious Council (SIRC) as the sole trustee of waqf. With the permission of SIRCs, HEIs can manage their waqf in complying with the Shari’ah legal framework in addition to state and federal laws. However, at present, the power to implement waqf depends on what term of appointment is given as waqf manager, which is not comprehensively dealt with in state and waqf laws. Therefore, reference needs to be made to the Mutawalliship Theory. Also, there is no specific comprehensive law concerning the establishment, and the governance of waqf in HEIs and existing state laws and other related laws are not in tandem with the current need for implementing sustainable waqf in HEIs. Therefore, given the above issues, this study aimed to examine the existing laws and governance for waqf implementation in selected HEIs in the context of Malaysia and to learn from the experience of Foundation Universities in Turkey. In achieving this aim, this study analysed the comprehensiveness of the laws in governing waqf in HEIs in Malaysia in addition to the related issues in proposing recommendations for the improvement to existing laws, including the governance of waqf in HEIs in Malaysia by learning from the experiences of foundations in Turkey. A qualitative research approach was adopted by applying the doctrinal legal research approach and triangulating this approach via empirical research. The doctrinal analysis focused on the specific waqf enactments introduced between 2015 and 2016, in Selangor, Perak, and Terengganu, related to waqf implementation in the selected HEIs in addition to other legal frameworks. This research further extends the Turkish’s jurisdiction to comparatively analyse the legal structures and their foundation’s governance in HEIs and reports on the collected evidence based on a series of interviews undertaken with four different categories of respondents. The results of this study found that the existing laws and the governance of waqf in HEIs in Malaysia require improvement to ensure the sustainability of waqf implementation in HEIs by considering the lessons learnt from Turkey in term of its legal framework and governance of HEIs. As such, further research is recommended to include more public and private HEIs to investigate the impact of waqf implementation in HEIs. In addition, comparative studies should be undertaken with other jurisdictions on the same issues such as Indonesia, Cairo, Pakistan, Kuwait, etc.


Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Email / ID Num.
Hussin, Rohayati
Email / ID Num.
Thesis advisor
Abdul Rashid, Rusnadewi (Dr .)
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HM Sociology > Social values
H Social Sciences > HM Sociology > Social integration
H Social Sciences > HV Social pathology. Social and public welfare. Criminology
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam > Faculty of Law
Programme: Doctor of Philosophy
Keywords: Law, Governance, Waqf
Date: December 2020
Edit Item
Edit Item


[thumbnail of 53832.pdf] Text

Download (267kB)

Digital Copy

Digital (fulltext) is available at:

Physical Copy

Physical status and holdings:
Item Status:

ID Number




Statistic details