Lean construction tools framework in reducing construction wastes for the enhancement of time performance / Mohd Arif Marhani

Marhani, Mohd Arif (2021) Lean construction tools framework in reducing construction wastes for the enhancement of time performance / Mohd Arif Marhani. PhD thesis, Universiti Teknologi MARA.


Construction waste is consisting of physical and non-physical waste. The non-physical waste, which is an avoidable delay of project performance is a common root cause of construction projects' complexities, particularly in developing countries. Malaysia is no difference, where almost 80% of traditionally procured projects encounter time overruns. Delay can cause such circumstances as increased construction costs, loss of earnings due to low productivity and contract termination. Besides, the Malaysian construction project's scheduling and cost behaviour summarised that construction projects' overall cost behaviour is unsatisfactory, needing extreme consideration. Hence, the industry must certainly change its traditional methods of functioning to overcome the issue addressed. Lean construction (LC) is proposed in resolving the issue of these construction wastes. LC is a continuous improvement process for construction projects, helps a construction organisation sustain the growth and profitability. Furthermore, the framework or guideline of LC tools is not well explored and elaborated more on the specific LC tools to be implemented. This research aims to develop an LC tools framework that can enhance the contractor's time performance by reducing construction wastes at the site. This research conducted to determine the extent of construction waste affecting the time performance and identifying LC tools' potential in reducing construction waste. This research also analysed the most significant LC tools in reducing construction waste to enhance time performance and establish a framework of LC tools in reducing the construction waste for the enhancement of time performance for the Malaysian construction industry. A quantitative method approach is used to achieve this research's objectives, and the questionnaire survey was sent to 310 contractors in Malaysia for the main survey. The contractors registered with the Construction Industry Development Board Malaysia (CIDB) underclass G7 categories, were identified from the CIDB directory. Thus, the viewpoints from the respondents accorded to the research are restricted within the country exclusively. One hundred sixteen questionnaires were returned within eight months, with the response rate of 37.4%. The findings revealed that the levels of construction wastes variables in this research were at a moderate influence level. From the outcome also, the top six of most potential significant of LC tools in reducing the correction waste, which was supply chain management, computer-aided tools, the 5S process, the five's why, error proofing and Industrialised Building System (IBS). Meanwhile, the most potential significant LC tools that can reduce the over-processing waste was IBS, the 5S process, just-in-time, supply chain management and computer-aided tools. Furthermore, the top three most significant LC tools that can reduce the delay waste were value-based management, standard forms and error proofing. The findings also revealed how LC tools are essential to an organisation that can enhance time performance if a construction project faces a correction, over-processing, and delay waste. Besides, by having the LC tools framework, it can improve a construction project's time performance, and it is beneficial to the LC practitioners. Thus, it able to increase the future's construction products towards a greener environment.


Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Email / ID Num.
Marhani, Mohd Arif
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Thesis advisor
Jaapar, Aini (Assoc. Prof. Dr.)
Subjects: T Technology > TH Building construction > Maintenance and repair
T Technology > TH Building construction > Management of the construction site. Superintendence of building construction
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam > Faculty of Architecture, Planning and Surveying
Programme: Doctor of Philosophy (Specialisms of The Built Environment) - AP990
Keywords: Construction, Framework, Tools
Date: March 2021
URI: https://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/53633
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