Urban metabolism and environmental factors at Kuala Lumpur, Ampang Jaya and Selayang / Nabilah Ismail

Ismail, Nabilah (2014) Urban metabolism and environmental factors at Kuala Lumpur, Ampang Jaya and Selayang / Nabilah Ismail. [Student Project] (Unpublished)


Introduction: Urbanization causes the environment of urban areas to be impacted and damaged. From the study of urban metabolism, it emphasizes on the sources and consumption of input resources, and the process within the system together with the production, treatment, and recycling of wastes. The objective of the study is to assess urban metabolism in Kuala Lumpur, Ampang Jaya and Selayang by using Material Flow Analysis (MFA).
Methodology: Through Material Flow Analysis (MFA), the flow of electricity inputs, water inputs, rice, eggs and sugar inputs, carbon dioxide outputs, wastewater outputs and solid waste outputs were examined. Primary data through questionnaire and secondary data from related agencies and bodies were obtained. Any national data obtained were downscaled to smaller regional data.
Results: The study found that electricity bills are not significantly differed between the three areas because residents from the three areas are using home electrical appliances and gadgets despite the difference in urban development. However, water bills and food budgets are significantly differed, due to number of households and city living standard respectively. The difference in total inputs and outputs in the three areas were due to the urban population density.
Conclusion: The electrical consumption of 0.188 kilogram of oil equivalent per capita per day in Klang Valley contribute to CO2 of 0.455 kilogram per capita per day, 95.32 % of water consumption will be the share of wastewater production and the consumption of 0.38 kilogram per capita per day of rice, eggs and sugar will contribute in the production of 4.5 kilogram per capita per day of solid wastes.


Item Type: Student Project
Email / ID Num.
Ismail, Nabilah
Email / ID Num.
Thesis advisor
Shafie, Farah Ayuni
Thesis advisor
Karuppannan, Subramaniam
Subjects: Q Science > QH Natural history - Biology > Life > Metabolism
Q Science > QP Physiology > Nutrition
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine > Environmental health. Including sewage disposal, air pollution, nuisances, water supply
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Selangor > Puncak Alam Campus > Faculty of Health Sciences
Programme: Bachelor in Environmental Health and Safety
Keywords: Urban metabolism, material flow analysis, inputs & outputs
Date: July 2014
URI: https://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/53567
Edit Item
Edit Item


[thumbnail of 53567.PDF] Text

Download (1MB)

Digital Copy

Digital (fulltext) is available at:

Physical Copy

Physical status and holdings:
Item Status:

ID Number




Statistic details