Physical risk factor and musculoskeletal disorders symptoms among employee at automotive industry / Rafiuddin Othman

Othman, Rafiuddin (2011) Physical risk factor and musculoskeletal disorders symptoms among employee at automotive industry / Rafiuddin Othman. [Student Project] (Unpublished)


Background: A musculoskeletal disorder is a disease that will affect the muscles, tendons, ligaments, joints, peripheral nerves, and supporting blood vessels. Methodology: The study was conducted in an automotive manufacturing industry (MODENAS SDN BHD) located at Gurun, Kedah Darul Aman. The study location is in the final assembly section which is installed with the component of automotive. The study design of this study is cross-sectional study. Sampling data collection was using Modified Nordic Muscular-Skeletal-Disorder Questionnaire, oral interview, Body Parts Symptoms Survey (SPSS), photograph and video, observation and Rapid Upper Limb Assessment (RULA). Results: The study was found that most of the workers exposed group get MSDs symptom at upper back 20(66.7%), followed by lower back 19(63.3%), low leg18 (60%), and ankle 17(56.7%). While in control group are shoulder 19(63.3%), neck 18(60%), wrist 15(50%), and lower back 15(50%). For SPSS result, the exposed workers are extremely uncomfortable at upper back, lower back, knees and ankle or feet. In control group workers, tQey are very uncomfortable at neck. Most of the physical risk factor among exposed group is prolonged standing 24(80%) followed by bending 19(63.3%) and over weight lifting 16(53.3%). While in control group, most of the physical risk factor is awkward postures 27(90%) followed by bending 7(23.3%) and over reaching 7(23.3%). Most of workers in assembly line (exposed) are getting score 5 in RULA assessment, followed by score 4, 3, 6 and 7. It shows that the persons are working in a poor posture with a risk of injury from their work posture. It needs to be investigated- and changed in the near future to prevent an injury and the MSDs symptoms among workers. Conclusion: In conclusion, the physical risk factor in the work environments can lead to symptoms of MSDs. There is a high prevalence symptom of MSDs in assembly workers. With the current conditions in the automotive industry, it must be some changes in work organisation to improvements safety and health especially in ergonomic problem.


Item Type: Student Project
Email / ID Num.
Othman, Rafiuddin
Email / ID Num.
Thesis advisor
Shafie, Farah Ayuni
Thesis advisor
Dal, Abd Rahim
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
R Medicine > RC Internal Medicine > Diseases of the musculoskeletal system
R Medicine > RD Surgery > Backache
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Selangor > Puncak Alam Campus > Faculty of Health Sciences
Programme: Bachelor in Environmental Health and Safety
Keywords: MSDs, RULA, BPSS, Low Back Pain,
Date: May 2011
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