Microbial contamination in water from water coolers at UiTM / Murni Amirra Mohd Aminuddin

Mohd Aminuddin, Murni Amirra (2011) Microbial contamination in water from water coolers at UiTM / Murni Amirra Mohd Aminuddin. [Student Project] (Unpublished)


Introduction: Nowadays, availability and the convenience of water cooler to provide drinking water for direct consumption is one of the reasons why it is installed in most universities' buildings or offices. As water cooler is one of convenient source of drinking water, it is important that it is free from any disease-causative agents that can cause health effect. Water coolers usually have their water intake from the same water system which supply water to toilet, shower or sink in a building. Due to that, there is probability that any leaking or system failures can lead to microorganism contamination in the water. This study was done to determine whether there is microbial contamination in water from water coolers installed in UiTM buildings.
Methodology: This study has been conducted at three different UiTM around Selangor. The study location is the hostel or also known as students' college at the UiTM. The study design of this study is cross-sectional study. Sampling data collection are done using DR 890, Turbidity meter, pH meter, probe thermometer and Questionnaire on Daily Water Consumption of UiTM Students. A statistical analysis that was used is statistical package for the social science (SPSS) version 17 .0 and Microsoft Excel 2007.
Results: The study found that all water from water coolers used as sampling point do not contaminated by coliform or E. coli. Violation found in residual chlorine and pH level at some sampling points at all the sampling locations (UiTM). Staphylococcus spp., Streptococcus spp. and Acin. calcaoceticus are detected from the samples taken from the water coolers around the sampling locations. 65 respondents (72.22%) complaint about experiencing some symptoms after drinking water from the water coolers installed at their hostel. Out of 90 respondents, 34.44% experienced sore throat, 12.22% experienced coughing, 27.78% experienced coughing and sore throat and 2.22% experienced other symptoms (i.e. diarrhea and nausea) after drinking the water. There is linear relationship between pH with total colony count and residual chlorine with total colony count in which p-value are p= 0.038 and p=0.000 in which p<0.05.
Conclusion: For the conclusion, the water from the water cooler is free from coliform of any kind. However, the water may contain other bacteria that may also pose health effect to the students. Due to that, water coolers should be properly maintained and inspected to ensure that the water is free from microbial contamination. Students should be educated to cook water from the water coolers before consuming the water to prevent any health effect


Item Type: Student Project
Email / ID Num.
Mohd Aminuddin, Murni Amirra
Email / ID Num.
Thesis advisor
Abd Rahman, Nasaruddin
Subjects: Q Science > QR Microbiology
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine > Environmental health. Including sewage disposal, air pollution, nuisances, water supply
R Medicine > RS Pharmacy and materia medica > Materia medica > Pharmaceutical technology
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Selangor > Puncak Alam Campus > Faculty of Health Sciences
Programme: Bachelor in Environmental Health and Safety
Keywords: Staphylococcus spp., streptococcus spp., Acin. Calcoaceticus, SPSS, water coolers
Date: May 2011
URI: https://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/52414
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