Occupational mercury exposure and its potential health risk / Nuur Aswani Johari

Johari, Nuur Aswani (2012) Occupational mercury exposure and its potential health risk / Nuur Aswani Johari. [Student Project] (Unpublished)


Mercury has been classified as toxic substances that can cause spontaneous degeneration of the brain cortex which can occur as a late sequela to past exposure. It was previously considered as a hazard substance in indpstrial setting to workers exposure. However, McFarland and Reigel (1978) described the cases of 6 workers who were acutely exposed (4-8 hours) to calculate metallic mercury vapor levels of 1. 1 to 44 mg/cu.m. These men exhibited a combination of chest pains, dyspnea, cough, hemoptysis, impairment of pulmonary function (reduced vital capacity), diffuse pulmonary infiltrates and evidence of interstitial pneumonitis. This study shows that exposure to mercury (Hg) vapor more than 0.025 mg/m³, for short term can trigger symptom of erythredema polyneuropathy. Over exposure of mercury vapor in this industrial of oil and gases is a major concern to human based to its ability to cause neurotoxicity. Objective of this study was occupational mercury exposure among gas processing plant workers and potential health risk. Specific objective is to determine the level of mercury at different area, to determine the level of mercury exposure for different kind of jobs and to assess the potential health risk of workers; this is directed towards the measurement of area monitoring and personnel exposure to mercury airborne contaminants. Personal sampling was using to determine personnel exposure to mercury contaminants. Within 420 minutes, then hopcalite (solid sorbent) were analyzed by mercury analyzer (CVAAS). Sample (n=90). The design of this study is cross sectional study. Questionnaires were distributed to respondents participated to assess the personal protection equipment and frequency of exposure. Mercury concentration obtain from the analysis raged from <0.0002 to 0.4427 mg/m³. Mean Mercury vapor concentration exposure during the turnaround activity is 0.0119 mg/m³. Average exposure dose milligrams per kilogram of body weight per day is 0. 0006 mg/m³, which is low risk in developing health risk based study EPA RfC (base line for 0.00 9mg/m³). This study shows that the prevention and control made by the management of industrial of oil and gases are be they concern. Further study on the medical surveillance such as neurobehavioural tests should be done to assess any health affected.


Item Type: Student Project
Email / ID Num.
Johari, Nuur Aswani
Email / ID Num.
Thesis advisor
Ishak, Ahmad Razali
Thesis advisor
Ismail, Rodziah
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering > Municipal refuse. Solid wastes
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Selangor > Puncak Alam Campus > Faculty of Health Sciences
Programme: Bachelor in Environmental Health and Safety
Keywords: mercury vapor (Hg+) exposure, personnel monitoring, area monitoring, potential health risk
Date: July 2012
URI: https://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/52386
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