Effectiveness of multipurpose contact lens disinfecting solutions against cysts of acanthamoeba T4 genotype / Wan Nur Afiqah Wan Kamaruddin

Wan Kamaruddin, Wan Nur Afiqah (2019) Effectiveness of multipurpose contact lens disinfecting solutions against cysts of acanthamoeba T4 genotype / Wan Nur Afiqah Wan Kamaruddin. [Student Project] (Unpublished)


Acanthamoeba is a genus of free-living amoebae that widely distributed in various ecological environments. It is classified into three distinct morphological groups (IIII) based largely on the cyst morphology of the species and encompassing more than 25 nominal species. Currently, Acanthamoeba has been classified into 17 different genotypes (T1-T17), based on 18S rRNA nucleotide sequencing by molecular techniques. However, T4 was the most frequently genotype associated with Acanthamoeba keratitis which commonly occurs among contact lens users. The main risk factors for this infection were ineffective multipurpose disinfecting contact lens solutions (MPDS) and contaminated contact lens storage. The present study was conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of four different commercially available MPDS as well as to investigate the amoebicidal effects of four MPDS against Acanthamoeba T4 cysts isolated from contact lens paraphernalia. This study was performed on 180 contact lens paraphernalia obtained from the previous study. A total of fourteen Acanthamoeba T4 cysts that confirmed with PCR assay were cultivated on 1.5% non-nutrient agar seeded with E. coli, harvested and adjusted in a final concentration of 2 x 10⁴ of cysts. The cysts of 14 samples were tested against four different MPDS; Renu ® Fresh TM , Complete xv ® , Opti-Free ® Express ® and Unica ® sensitive within manufacturer’s minimum recommended disinfection time (MMRDT) (4 or 6 hours) and extended time (12 hours). After the incubation time, the cysts counts were enumerated using haemocytometer under light and inverted microscopes using x40 objective. The viability was confirmed by reinoculation onto non-nutrient agar seeded with E. coli. Paired T-test and One-Way ANOVA test were used to determine the significant value of the results. None of the solutions was effective towards Acanthamoeba T4 cysts within the MMRDT and extended time. These results were confirmed by survival assays which appeared that the Acanthamoeba might transform from cyst to trophozoite stages. Nevertheless, with regard to cells reduction, OptiFree ® Express ® solution showed statistically significant at the MMRDT (6 hours) (p=0.015) and at the extended time (12 hours) (p=0.004). In conclusion, these findings revealed that none of the MPDS was effectively to kill cysts of Acanthamoeba T4 genotype. Though, Opti-Free ® Express ® solution was the most effective MPDS as compared to Renu ® Fresh TM , Complete ® and Unica ® sensitive. Hence, new concentration of active ingredients should be reviewed and new MPDS should be developed in order to effectively kill Acanthamoeba cysts.


Item Type: Student Project
Email / ID Num.
Wan Kamaruddin, Wan Nur Afiqah
Email / ID Num.
Thesis advisor
Tengku Ahmad Basri, Tengku Shahrul Anuar
Subjects: Q Science > QL Zoology > Invertebrates
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
R Medicine > RE Ophthalmology > Optometry. Opticians. Eyeglasses > Eyeglasses. Lenses
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Selangor > Puncak Alam Campus > Faculty of Health Sciences
Programme: Bachelor of Medical Laboratory Technology
Keywords: Multipurpose Contact Lens, Cysts, Acanthamoeba
Date: July 2019
URI: https://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/52122
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