Evaluation of antimitotic activity of cosmos caudatus by using allium cepa assay / Naziha Abd Rahim

Abd Rahim, Naziha (2019) Evaluation of antimitotic activity of cosmos caudatus by using allium cepa assay / Naziha Abd Rahim. [Student Project] (Unpublished)


Cancer is the uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells. It is a dreadful disease and needs to be treated by tough therapies. However, synthetic drugs used to treat cancer could not differentiate between healthy and cancer cells. The drugs were cytotoxic and capable of affecting the normal neighbouring cells which could give obvious horrible and debilitating side effects to the patients. Natural products from the plant are still an alternative source in the search of antimitotic drugs. Therefore, Cosmos caudatus or commonly known as ‘ulam raja’ which is high in antioxidant was studied for its potential antimitotic activity. The present study aimed to evaluate in vitro antimitotic effect of Cosmos caudatus leaves extraction by using Allium cepa assay as a preliminary study for antimitotic activity. The leaves were extracted with aqueous and 50% ethanol solvent. The roots of Allium cepa were treated with both extraction solvent at different concentration (5mg/mL, 10mg/mL and 15mg/mL), distilled water (negative control) and 0.1mg/mL sodium azide (positive control). The antimitotic activity of C. caudatus leaves extractions were evaluated by growth inhibition (root length) and calculating the mitotic index of Allium cepa root tip meristematic cells. Both parameters were compared with negative control by using one-way ANOVA statistical analysis. The results revealed that C. caudatus extract exhibited cytotoxic effects and they were concentration dependent. Among the extract concentration, 15mg/mL 50% ethanol extract of Cosmos caudatus showed the shortest root growth (1.53±0.39 cm) and lowest mitotic index (7.90±0.12) compared to others. Therefore, this study revealed that Cosmos caudatus leaves extraction has potential of antimitotic which can be used as a natural anticancer agent. It is recommended further research should be demonstrated in other system involving in vitro and in vivo animal and human cancer cell lines for qualifying the perspective of anticancer activity and to identify effectiveness on human.


Item Type: Student Project
Email / ID Num.
Abd Rahim, Naziha
Email / ID Num.
Thesis advisor
Abdul Hamid, Zed Zakari
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry > Inorganic chemistry
Q Science > QK Botany
R Medicine > RC Internal Medicine > Neoplasms. Tumors. Oncology
S Agriculture > SB Plant culture > Flowers and flower culture. Ornamental plants
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Selangor > Puncak Alam Campus > Faculty of Health Sciences
Programme: Bachelor of Medical Laboratory Technology
Keywords: Antimitotic activity, Allium cepa, Cosmos caudatus, Ulam raja
Date: July 2019
URI: https://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/51542
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