Characterization of lactic acid bacteria isolated from milk and curd and its identification using amplification of 16S rRNA Gene / Nur Shahedah Ismail

Ismail, Nur Shahedah (2019) Characterization of lactic acid bacteria isolated from milk and curd and its identification using amplification of 16S rRNA Gene / Nur Shahedah Ismail. [Student Project] (Unpublished)

Abstract

In recent years, there are increasing numbers of food industry emphasizing the use of selected lactic acid bacteria (LAB) supplemented in raw and fermented milk. The industry become important contributors in producing and developing a beneficial food that confer human health. The aim of this project is to identify and characterize the LAB isolated from local dairy products. The bacterial isolates were identified and characterize based on the morphological study and biochemical tests. Genotyping identification was done using PCR amplification of 16s rRNA gene. Potential probiotic properties were screened by antibiotic susceptibility test and bile salt tolerance tests. A total of 11 isolates were obtained which three isolates were from fermented milk (curd) and the remaining eight isolates were obtained from goat’s milk. Morphological study showed isolates #1 to #6 and #11 were rod shaped while isolates #7 to #10 were spherical shaped bacteria. All the isolates were gram positive and they exhibited negative for catalase and oxidase. Molecular identification of 16S rRNA gene using forward primer (pbl16) and reverse primer (mlb16) showed amplicons at 540 base pair. Probiotic screening test showed all isolates were able to grow in 0.3 % (w/v) bile and the coefficient of growth inhibition were less than 0.5, which considered as bile tolerance. The antibiotic susceptibility test indicated that all of the isolates were resistant to Vancomycin. In conclusion, the LAB in the milk and curd were successfully identified and characterized using morphological studies, biochemical tests and molecular technique.

Metadata

Item Type: Student Project
Creators:
Creators
Email / ID Num.
Ismail, Nur Shahedah
2015679602
Contributors:
Contribution
Name
Email / ID Num.
Thesis advisor
Mustakim, Maimunah
UNSPECIFIED
Subjects: Q Science > QP Physiology > Animal biochemistry > Organic substances
Q Science > QR Microbiology > Microbial ecology
T Technology > TP Chemical technology > Chemicals
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Selangor > Puncak Alam Campus > Faculty of Health Sciences
Programme: Bachelor of Medical Laboratory Technology
Keywords: actic acid bacteria, milk, 16S rRNA gene amplification, bile tolerance, probiotic.
Date: July 2019
URI: https://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/50949
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