Light operated switch / Alyzah Abdullah and Nur Aniza Abd Horim

Abdullah, Alyzah and Abd Horim, Nur Aniza (2002) Light operated switch / Alyzah Abdullah and Nur Aniza Abd Horim. [Student Project] (Unpublished)


For the final project we decided to continue our planned to build the 'light operated switch'. Light operated switches not new ideas, but neither are they the easiest items to purchase ready-made. Originally, this unit built to switch, on the outside Christmas lights when it became dark. It will have other uses in mind. One such might be as a security porch light controller. The light level required for the unit to switch on or off is fixed, but since this is set by a single resistor value can easily be altered. A degree of hysteresis is included to reduce the chance of the unit being affected by the light it controlling. Reasonably careful siting though, will still be necessary to prevent the controlled light from directly illuminating the sensor. The purpose for this project is to identify that when the LDR is in the dark, it will directly connect to the main circuit so it will switch on the lamp and when it is not in the dark side the circuit will switch off the light. When the LDR is in the dark, the internal resistor in LDR decreases as low as 100Q; the light will light up. But when the LDR is not in the dark, the resistance will exceed to 10MQ; the light in the switch off condition. In this project, we used ‘4093 CMOS Quad NAND Gate’ it is the Schmitt trigger IC with two input and combined in a NAND configuration. The PCB is designed to fit behind a single electrical blanking plate, with a hole to allow light to reach the photocell. This plate can be fitted to a single 25 mm surface box, giving a cheap and tidy wall mounting case. For original purpose, the unit was placed on a window; with the photocell facing outwards.


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