Antimitotic activity of phyllanthus niruri (dukung anak) leaves on different solvent extraction / Nurul Nabilah Jamat

Jamat, Nurul Nabilah (2019) Antimitotic activity of phyllanthus niruri (dukung anak) leaves on different solvent extraction / Nurul Nabilah Jamat. [Student Project] (Unpublished)


Recently, the use of natural product including herbs has become the choice of drugs as it is safer than synthetic products. The unsuccessful use of the synthetic product has been reported due to side effect occurred such as suppression of the immune system and metabolic disease. Phyllanthus niruri, a small herb that is commonly known as “dukung anak” in Malaysia, has been used for decades due to its pharmacological effects towards human system such as antidiabetic, anti-inflammatory, antiviral and anticancer effects. Despite the antiproliferative characteristic of Phyllanthus niruri in cancer, there are no studies being conducted on comparison of different solvent extraction and concentration on Allium assay. Aqueous and 50% ethanol leaves extract of Phyllanthus niruri were done to evaluate the suitable solvent extract and concentration for antimitotic activity. The aqueous and 50% ethanol crude with three concentrations, 4, 5, 6 mg/ml, was used. The result showed that both solvents were significantly reduced the mitotic index as higher concentration being used when comparing to control. The strongest and the lowest antimitotic activity were found in 50% ethanol extract (6 mg/ml) and aqueous extract (4 mg/ml), respectively, with mitotic index of 0.33%±0.78 and 2.90%±0.63 each. Thus, suitable solvent extraction for Phyllanthus niruri was identified in 50% ethanol with a concentration of 6 mg/ml.


Item Type: Student Project
Email / ID Num.
Jamat, Nurul Nabilah
Email / ID Num.
Thesis advisor
Abdul Hamid, Zed Zakari
Subjects: Q Science > QK Botany > Spermatophyta. Phanerogams
R Medicine > RM Therapeutics. Pharmacology > Drugs and their actions
T Technology > TP Chemical technology > Chemical engineering > Special processes and operations > Extraction
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Selangor > Puncak Alam Campus > Faculty of Health Sciences
Programme: Bachelor of Medical Laboratory Technology
Keywords: Allium assay, anticancer, antimitotic, Phyllanthus niruri
Date: 2019
Edit Item
Edit Item


[thumbnail of 50742.pdf] Text

Download (2MB)

Digital Copy

Digital (fulltext) is available at:

Physical Copy

Physical status and holdings:
Item Status:

ID Number




Statistic details