Comparative study of ferrous sulphate and phosphotungstic acid mordants in enhancement of cytological natural dyes extracted from bougainvillae spectabilis and dianthus caryophyllus / Nur Syamimi Sa'ari

Sa'ari, Nur Syamimi (2019) Comparative study of ferrous sulphate and phosphotungstic acid mordants in enhancement of cytological natural dyes extracted from bougainvillae spectabilis and dianthus caryophyllus / Nur Syamimi Sa'ari. Degree thesis, Universiti Teknologi MARA ( Kampus Puncak Alam ).

Abstract

Staining of the nucleus is crucial in detecting the cancerous cells. In cytopathology, the nucleus was stained by hematoxylin which derived from logwood, Haematoxylum camphecianum. Bougainvillea Spectabilis (paper flower) and Dianthus Caryophyllus (carnation) have shown the staining ability towards the nucleus in the previous study. In order to apply a good fixation of the dye onto cells, a suitable mordant has to be selected. The different mordant used will give a different shade of color and color resistance to fading properties. Therefore, the aim of this study is to identify the most functional mordant between phosphotungstic acid and ferrous sulphate in color enhancement of Bougainvillea Spectabilis and Dianthus Caryophyllus. There were four parameters performed which were pH, concentration, qualitative microscopic evaluation and quantitative color intensity measurement (MIPAR software). Based on the result, ferrous sulphate enhance the staining quality better on Dianthus Caryophyllus than Bougainvillea Spectabilis with 4.4 pH, 16.75% concentration, Fair agreement and 163.35 pixels. Phosphotungstic acid mordant was not enhancing the staining quality from both Dianthus Caryophyllus and Bougainvillea Spectabilis dyes extract. All extracted dyes from both flowers without mordant and incorporated with phosphotungstic acid resulting in poor agreement in qualitative microscopic evaluation. Only Dianthus Caryophyllus incorporated with ferrous sulphate gave the highest agreement in qualitative microscopic evaluation. In conclusion, Dianthus Caryophyllus gave a good staining quality, although it is incomparable to control Papanicolaou (PAP) stain. Thus, further study of different types of mordant on Dianthus Caryophyllus and Bougainvillea Spectabilis dyes extract should be performed.

Metadata

Item Type: Thesis (Degree)
Creators:
Creators
Email / ID Num.
Sa'ari, Nur Syamimi
2015229948
Contributors:
Contribution
Name
Email / ID Num.
Thesis advisor
Abu, Mohd Nazri
UNSPECIFIED
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
S Agriculture > SB Plant culture > Flowers and flower culture. Ornamental plants
T Technology > TP Chemical technology > Chemicals
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Selangor > Puncak Alam Campus > Faculty of Health Sciences
Programme: Bachelor of Medical Laboratory Technology
Keywords: Bougainvillea Spectabilis (paper flower), Dianthus Caryophyllus (carnation), ferrous sulphate, phosphotungstic acid, mordant
Date: July 2019
URI: https://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/50736
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