The effect of aqueous extract from hibiscus rosa-sinensis leaves on coagulation activity / Nurhayati Baha

Baha, Nurhayati (2019) The effect of aqueous extract from hibiscus rosa-sinensis leaves on coagulation activity / Nurhayati Baha. Degree thesis, Universiti Teknologi MARA (Kampus Puncak Alam).


Hibiscus rosa-sinensis (H. rosa-sinensis) or ‘bunga raya’ is commonly found as houseplant and landscape shrub throughout the tropics such as Malaysia, India, Singapore and Indonesia. H. rosa-sinensis plant has been scientifically associated with antioxidant, antipyretic, analgesic, spasm-inhibiting activities, inhibit cancer cell growth and helps in wound healing. Traditionally, its leaves are believed to have the ability to stop minor bleeding. The leaves were rubbed on the injured site until they produce clear, thick and sticky liquid which were then left on the wound like a skin patch. Thus, the present study was carried out using its leaves to evaluate whether it contains any procoagulant activity. The fresh leaves were blended with distilled water and decoction method was used to concentrate the crude extract. Four different percentages of aqueous extract were prepared at 100.0%, 50.0%, 25.0% and 12.5% via two-fold serial dilution using normal saline. Then, procoagulant activity was evaluated in vitro by using activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT) and prothrombin time (PT) tests in triplicates. Commercialised control normal plasma were spiked with the different percentages of extract prepared. One-way ANOVA and Post hoc (Dunnett’s procedure) tests were used for the statistical analysis. The result revealed a procoagulant trend with the coagulation time decreasing as the percentages increased. All percentages of aqueous extracts showed very highly significant effect on both aPTT and PT tests with their p value obtained were equal to 0.000. Hence, the aqueous extract from H. rosa-sinensis leaves has the potential to be a natural procoagulant for treatment of minor bleeding.


Item Type: Thesis (Degree)
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Baha, Nurhayati
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Thesis advisor
Mohamed, Emida
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry > Physical and theoretical chemistry > Flocculation, precipitation, adsorption, etc. Coagulation
Q Science > QK Botany > Plant physiology > Botanical chemistry. Phytochemicals
S Agriculture > SB Plant culture > Flowers and flower culture. Ornamental plants
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Selangor > Puncak Alam Campus > Faculty of Health Sciences
Programme: Bachelor of Medical Laboratory Technology
Keywords: Hibiscus rosa-sinensis. Procoagulant, Coagulation activity
Date: 2019
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