Assessment of antimitotic activity of mangifera caesia (binjai) fruit extract using allium cepa test / Muhammad Fadzli Rusli

Rusli, Muhammad Fadzli (2019) Assessment of antimitotic activity of mangifera caesia (binjai) fruit extract using allium cepa test / Muhammad Fadzli Rusli. Degree thesis, Universiti Teknologi MARA (Kampus Puncak Alam).


Mangifera caesia also known as binjai, is one of the medicinal plant that used by people of Sabah particularly in Papar and Kota Belud districts to increase appetite, treating cold, body itchiness, high blood pressure, and bronchitis. There has been no report regarding the antimitotic potential of the plant. The aim of this study is to assess the M. caesia of its mitodepressive effect against dividing cell. Allium cepa root was tested against the aqueous and methanol extract of binjai for 24 hours. The root of Allium cepa were treated with different concentration (4-6 mg/mL) of M. caesia aqueous fruit extract (MCAE) and M. caesia methanol fruit extract (MCME), distilled water was used as negative control and sodium azide (0.1 mg/mL) was used as positive control. The cells then crushed and stain with 0.5% methylene blue and observed microscopically to calculate the mean percentage of the Mitotic Index (MI). MCAE with concentration of 6 mg/mL was found to significantly (p=0.013) reduced the MI of Allium cepa compared to the negative control (distilled water). Similarly, MCAE at 5 mg/mL was also found to have significant (p=0.048) reduction of MI. In comparison, only MCME with concentration of 6 mg/mL found to significantly (p=0.009) reduced the MI of Allium cepa. Increase MI reduction with the increase of extract concentration suggest a dose dependent effect. The result indicate cytotoxic potential of both MCAE and MCME due to the significant mitodepressive effect. In conclusion, both MCAE and MCME exhibits antimitotic activity against Allium cepa. The study give credence to medicinal potential of this plant and need to conduct further sophisticated test to determine the anticipated anticancer potential.


Item Type: Thesis (Degree)
Email / ID Num.
Rusli, Muhammad Fadzli
Email / ID Num.
Thesis advisor
Zakari, Zed
Subjects: Q Science > QK Botany > Plant physiology > Botanical chemistry. Phytochemicals
R Medicine > RM Therapeutics. Pharmacology > Drugs and their actions > Individual drugs and other agents
S Agriculture > SB Plant culture > Fruit and fruit culture
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Selangor > Puncak Alam Campus > Faculty of Health Sciences
Programme: Bachelor of Medical Laboratory Technology
Keywords: antimitotic activity, mangifera caesia (binjai), allium cepa test
Date: 2019
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