Determination of optimal growth phase and inoculum size of proteus vulgaris (ATCC 6380) for long term storage of stock culture / Hafidzatul Aduwiyah Isam

Isam, Hafidzatul Aduwiyah (2019) Determination of optimal growth phase and inoculum size of proteus vulgaris (ATCC 6380) for long term storage of stock culture / Hafidzatul Aduwiyah Isam. Degree thesis, Universiti Teknologi MARA (Kampus Puncak Alam).


Pure culture is essential to study about bacterial strain’s characteristics to diagnose disease associated with Proteus vulgaris infection such as nosocomial and human urinary tract infection. The purity status of bacteria is problematic in the Microbiology laboratory as it is often contaminated. Every year, the Centre of Medical Laboratory Technology in Universiti Teknologi MARA Puncak Alam purchases stock culture of P. vulgaris (ATCC 6380) from American Type Cell Culture (ATCC) in the United State which is expensive. The purpose of this study is to prepare pure stock culture of Proteus vulgaris (ATCC 6380) as a preservation method to maintain the viability of microorganisms for long term storage and use. The initial stock of P. vulgaris (ATCC 6380) was obtained from available P. vulgaris (ATCC 6380) stock in microbiology laboratory at FSK, UiTM Puncak Alam. Subculture of P. vulgaris (ATCC 6380) on 5% sheep blood agar and MacConkey agar was performed followed by identification and confirmation test. P. vulgaris (ATCC 6380) maintained as non-lactose fermenter, and give positive reaction in indole, motility, methyl red, phenylalanine deaminase and urea reactions. Preparation of stock culture was done through determination of optimal growth phase and inoculum size of Proteus vulgaris (ATCC 6380) to harvest cell for storage in glycerol stock and microbeads at 4⁰C, -20⁰C and -80⁰C. Bacterial growth curve of absorbance (OD 600nm) against incubation time (hours) in fresh TSB was performed to harvest cell at exponential phase. Bacterial colony count was performed to determine the suitable inoculum size of Proteus vulgaris (ATCC 6380) for storage. Stock culture of P. vulgaris (ATCC 6380) was made from cells harvested at OD 600nm of 1.645 with optimum inoculum size of 24.0X108 cfu/ml. The recovery potential of Proteus vulgaris (ATCC 6380) was determined by culturing on 5% sheep blood agar plate and performing biochemical tests to confirm the purity of colony. After one-month storage, stock cultures of P. vulgaris (ATCC 6380) in glycerol were successfully recovered at all temperature and in microbeads at -80°C. However, P. vulgaris from microbeads stored at -20⁰C cannot recovered as pure colony due to contamination of S. aureus. In conclusion, stock culture at all temperature can be recovered as pure colony except for microbeads at -20⁰C due to contamination caused by improper technique during recovery of P. vulgaris (ATCC 6380) stock cultures. The method used to perform pure and viable stock culture was effective but contamination being the only problem.


Item Type: Thesis (Degree)
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Isam, Hafidzatul Aduwiyah
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Mohamad Hussain, Roslinah
Subjects: Q Science > QR Microbiology > Cultures and culture media. Culture technique.
Q Science > QR Microbiology > Bacteria
R Medicine > RC Internal Medicine > Infectious and parasitic diseases
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Selangor > Puncak Alam Campus > Faculty of Health Sciences
Programme: Bachelor of Medical Laboratory Technology
Keywords: optimal growth, inoculum, Proteus vulgaris (ATCC 6380)
Date: 2019
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