Removal of residual oil from palm oil mill effluent (pome) by reverse osmosis membrane / Norliza Ibrahim and Abdul Latif Ahmad

Ibrahim, Norliza and Ahmad, Abdul Latif (2004) Removal of residual oil from palm oil mill effluent (pome) by reverse osmosis membrane / Norliza Ibrahim and Abdul Latif Ahmad. In: Hotel Vistana, Kuantan, Pahang, 31 Mei – 1 Jun 2004, Hotel Vistana, Kuantan, Pahang.


Malaysia is one of the largest producers of palm oil. Most of the palm oil processing is carried out in palm oil mills where oil is extracted from palm oil fruit bunch. Two sources of oil from fruit bunch are fleshy mesocarp of fruit (45-55% oil) and kernels (50% oil). It is estimated that for every tonne of fruit bunch processed produces 1.5 tonne of palm oil mill effluent (POME) POME is a mixture of sterilizer condensate, separator sludge and hydrocyclone wastewater. Fresh POME is a colloidal suspension of 95 - 96 % water, 0.6 - 0.7 % oil and 4 - 5 % total solids including 2 - 4 % suspended solids which is mainly debris from palm fruit mesocarp. It is acidic (pH 4-5), hot (80 90°C) and contains high amount of total solids (40 500 mg/I) and oil (4000 mg/l). POME was first pretreated to remove the high content of suspended solids and residual oil using flocculation, solvent extraction and adsorption processes. Lastly C-series membrane was used to remove any residual oil remaining after the pretreatment processes. Operating pressure and pH were varied in order to find the optimum conditions for membrane separation process. It was found that the optimum removal of residual oil was achieved at a system pressure of 10 bars and pH 9. At these conditions, the oil concentration was decreased from 100 mg/l to 51 mg/l after 30 min of filtration.


Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Email / ID Num.
Ibrahim, Norliza
Ahmad, Abdul Latif
Subjects: S Agriculture > SB Plant culture > Fruit trees > Malaysia
T Technology > TP Chemical technology > Adsorption
T Technology > TP Chemical technology > Oils, fats, and waxes > Palm oil
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Pahang > Jengka Campus
Event Title: Hotel Vistana, Kuantan, Pahang
Event Dates: 31 Mei – 1 Jun 2004
Page Range: pp. 131-135
Keywords: Palm Oil Mill Effluent (POME), Flocculation, Solvent extraction, Adsorption, Reverse osmosis
Date: 2004
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