Investigation of synergistic anthelmintic potential of papaya-pumpkin seeds against earthworm (pheretima posthuma) / Nur Liyana Ismail

Ismail, Nur Liyana (2017) Investigation of synergistic anthelmintic potential of papaya-pumpkin seeds against earthworm (pheretima posthuma) / Nur Liyana Ismail. Degree thesis, Universiti Teknologi Mara (Kampus Puncak Alam).


Carica papaya (papaya) and Cucurbita maxima (pumpkin) have been used for treatment in many types of diseases for centuries. The crude aqueous extracts of both Carica papaya and Cucurbita maxima seeds were assayed synergistically against adult earthworms (Pheretima posthuma) for the evaluation of anthelminthic activity and compared with the standard drug, Albendazole. In this study, the traditional method was used; boiling and evaporation method. Various concentrations of the extracts and Albendazole were tested at 60 mg/ml, 40 mg/ml and 20 mg/ml. Six earthworms were immersed in three concentrations of each extracts; papaya-pumpkin seeds and Albendazole. Confirmation of paralysis was reported when decreased in movement after shaken vigorously. Death was recorded after ascertaining that the worms neither moved when shaken vigorously nor dipped in warm water of 50oC. Results were expressed in terms of time for paralysis (P) and death time (D) of worms using mean SD and data analysis by One-way Anova. Interestingly, the time of death for worms showed that the crude aqueous extracts of seeds at concentration of 20 mg/ml could totally exterminate the worm at the shortest time (111.50 ± 4.95) compared to Albendazole (112.50 ± 4.96). In conclusion, the combination of Carica papaya and Cucurbita maxima is a good option to be taken as an alternative medicine in treating cases of intestinal worm infections.


Item Type: Thesis (Degree)
Email / ID Num.
Ismail, Nur Liyana
Email / ID Num.
Thesis advisor
Yusof, Hartini
Subjects: Q Science > QL Zoology > Invertebrates
R Medicine > RM Therapeutics. Pharmacology > Drugs and their actions > Individual drugs and other agents
S Agriculture > SB Plant culture > Fruit and fruit culture
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Selangor > Puncak Alam Campus > Faculty of Health Sciences
Programme: Bachelor of Medical Laboratory Technology
Keywords: Anthelminthic, Pheretima posthuma, Carica papaya, Cucurbita maxima, Albendazole, synergistic.
Date: 2017
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