Comparing the effect of sodium chloride solution & seawater on the growth of staphylacoccus aureus and pseudomonas aeruginosa / Norhisyam Zafri Nasharuddin

Nasharuddin, Norhisyam Zafri (2017) Comparing the effect of sodium chloride solution & seawater on the growth of staphylacoccus aureus and pseudomonas aeruginosa / Norhisyam Zafri Nasharuddin. Degree thesis, Universiti Teknologi Mara (Kampus Puncak Alam).


Seawater is natural water that cover about three-quarters of the earth’s surface and consists of 1.3 x 1018 tonnes of water and about 33 to 37 g/L is covered with salt. The composition of the seawater can be divided into inorganic subtances, dissolved gases and organic compound from the living organism. The seawater also consist a lot of mineral that benefial to the ecosystem such as sodium (Na), potassium (K), magnesium (Mg), calcium (Ca), vanadium (V), zinc (Zn), chlorine (Cl), sulphate (SO4), and carbonate (CO3). Besides that, the salt compounds that can be found in the seawater are sodium chloride, magnesium chloride, magnesium sulfate, calcium sulfate and potassium chloride and most abundant salt compound are sodium chloride. The seawater also have been used in the medical purpose as one of the treatment to the patient. The treatment called thalassotherapy is a treatment using the seawater either orally and injections, use of spray, pounding the waves, heated seawater bath and combination of electro acupunture and seawater therapy. Thus, this study is done to compare the effect of the sodium chloride solution and seawater towards the growth of Staphylococcus aureus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa as skin pathogens. The growth of the skin pathogen are determined using the optical density (OD) measurement in the different concentration of seawater and sodium chloride solution using spectrophotometer at 600nm after incubating the organism in the medium for 24 hours. The paired t-test is used as analysis test to compare the effect of the growth of bacteria based on the result of the OD. The result shows that the OD reading for the sodium chloride solution is lower that the OD reading of the seawater and the data analysis shows that at the concentration 8% shows similarity effect for both solution. Thus, it can be conclude that sodium chloride solution can be an alternative ways in order to inhibit the growth of the skin pathogen rather than seawater and concentration 8% shows an effective concentration to inhibit the organism.


Item Type: Thesis (Degree)
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Nasharuddin, Norhisyam Zafri
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Thesis advisor
Abdul Hamid, Zed Zakari
Subjects: Q Science > QR Microbiology > Bacteria
R Medicine > RC Internal Medicine > Infectious and parasitic diseases
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Selangor > Puncak Alam Campus > Faculty of Health Sciences
Programme: Bachelor of Medical Laboratory Technology
Keywords: Seawater, sodium chloride, thalassotherapy, Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa
Date: 2017
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