Alcohol effects on biofilm production of staphylococcus aureus and pseudomonas aeruginosa / Anis Nabilah Abu Hanipah

Abu Hanipah, Anis Nabilah (2017) Alcohol effects on biofilm production of staphylococcus aureus and pseudomonas aeruginosa / Anis Nabilah Abu Hanipah. Degree thesis, Universiti Teknologi MARA ( Kampus Puncak Alam ).


Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) and Pseudomonas aeruginosa (P. aeruginosa) are known as the opportunistic pathogens which correspond to biofilm formation. Bacteria that develop as surface associated biofilms are difficult to treat with antimicrobials agents which then lead to lethal infection. Due to alcohol exposure lead to increasing biofilm formation which propose the circumstances of nosocomial infections in regard of alcoholic skin disinfectant are routinely applied in clinical setting. The aim of this study to determine the effect of alcohols against these two microorganisms. For this study, S. aureus and P. aeruginosa are tested with ethanol and isopropanol at different percentages (40%, 60%, 80%, and 95%) for 4 and 24 hours by quantifying biofilm formation. Adherence of biofilms were stained and determined with optical density. Ethanol and isopropanol treatment on sample increased the biofilm formation for certain percentages and duration. S. aureus showed an increased biofilm formation with ethanol at 4 and 24 hours. As in P. aeruginosa at 4 and 24 hours were displayed an increased biofilm formation were inducible by 60%, 80% and 95% isopropanol respectively. As for isopropanol treatment on S. aureus on 4 hours displayed decreased of biofilm formation as it indicates isopropanol works effectively on the organism. While for S. aureus at 24 hours shown an increased biofilm formation in 60%, 80% and 95% of isopropanol. For P. aeruginosa sample incubated for 4 hours were not inducible by ethanol as well as for 24 hours at 40%, 60%, and 80% respectively whereas within 24 hours, only 95% of ethanol, displayed an increased biofilm formation. Biofilm enhancement increased with increasing alcohol concentration for certain time. Hence, alcohols might be a poor disinfectant choice due to ineffectiveness to eliminate S. aureus and P. aeruginosa biofilm.


Item Type: Thesis (Degree)
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Abu Hanipah, Anis Nabilah
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Thesis advisor
Matsuki, Mohd Fahmi
Subjects: Q Science > QR Microbiology > Microbial ecology
Q Science > QR Microbiology > Bacteria
R Medicine > RC Internal Medicine > Infectious and parasitic diseases
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Selangor > Puncak Alam Campus > Faculty of Health Sciences
Programme: Bachelor of Medical Laboratory Technology
Keywords: Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, biofilm, alcohols
Date: 2017
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