Heavy metals removal from well water in Gua Musang, Kelantan using charcoal as adsorbent / Warda Mohd Baki

Mohd Baki, Warda (2017) Heavy metals removal from well water in Gua Musang, Kelantan using charcoal as adsorbent / Warda Mohd Baki. [Student Project] (Unpublished)


This paper presents the result of research on heavy metals removal from well water by using charcoal as the adsorbent which is low cost treatment. The location selected is Gua Musang, Kelantan. Physical parameters were measured in situ, and the collected well water samples was measured in the laboratory using atomic absorption spectrophotometer (AAS). From the 30 wells only three sampling point was chosen to conduct the treatment. A series of batch studies were conducted using different adsorbent dosage (adsorbent dosage 2gm and 4gm) shaken with different contact time (contact time 1hour and 2hours) to observed the percentage removal of heavy metals. This study also observed the effect of turbidity to remove heavy metals in well water. This result showed that copper and zinc comply with the standard, whereas lead, manganese and iron exceeded the standard of Recommended Raw Water Quality in Drinking Water Quality Standard 2009. Average reading for copper is between 0.030 mg/L to 0.055 mg/L, and for zinc is between 0.020 mg/L to 0.300 mg/L. Six sampling point for manganese, four sampling point for lead and one sampling point of iron exceeded the standard. Turbidity, pH and dissolved oxygen reading comply with the standard except total dissolved solid did not comply with the standard. The final result showed that the highest percentage of removal of heavy metals is manganese, followed by zinc and iron. The optimum condition for manganese is using 2gm of adsorbent dosage in 1 hour. The best percentage removal against turbidity is iron with 88.31%. Comparison between groups showed no significant difference between groups. Charcoal is an effective adsorbent to remove heavy metals in well water. Adsorption process is a techniques for wastewater and groundwater treatment that become popular in recent years with regard to their efficiency in the removal of pollutants and low cost treatment, especially heavy, metal ion, color odor and organic pollution.


Item Type: Student Project
Email / ID Num.
Mohd Baki, Warda
Email / ID Num.
Hussain, Hazilia
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry > Physical and theoretical chemistry
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine > Environmental health. Including sewage disposal, air pollution, nuisances, water supply
T Technology > TN Mining engineering. Metallurgy > Metallurgy
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Selangor > Puncak Alam Campus > Faculty of Health Sciences
Programme: Bachelor in Environmental Health and Safety
Keywords: Well water, Treatment, Charcoal, Adsorption
Date: July 2017
URI: https://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/49479
Edit Item
Edit Item


[thumbnail of 49479.pdf] Text

Download (1MB)

Digital Copy

Digital (fulltext) is available at:

Physical Copy

Physical status and holdings:
Item Status:

ID Number




Statistic details