The assessment of particulate matter 2.5 in new and old student's residential buildings / Nur Syafiqah Abu Zairi

Abu Zairi, Nur Syafiqah (2017) The assessment of particulate matter 2.5 in new and old student's residential buildings / Nur Syafiqah Abu Zairi. [Student Project] (Unpublished)


Student’s residential building in UiTM Selangor, Puncak Alam Campus were exposed to particulate matter 2.5 because it consist of new and old buildings. There was certain building age or type will give an impact on the occupants’ exposure to the particulate matters (Fadilah and Juliana, 2012). The level of indoor air quality (IAQ) is the one of the guidance or indicator for determining the quality of air in Hostel at the institutional environment in terms of the capacity and effectiveness of ventilation system, hence major concern of exposure to the fine particles through inhalation. Study was performed to determine and compare the level of PM₂.₅, temperature, carbon dioxide and relative humidity in Dahlia (new building) and Rafflesia (old building). The results indicate there was a violation of PM 2.5 concentration for both building as set by the ICOP and WHO 2005 guidelines, however, the old buildings has low PM₂.₅ concentration level compared to the new buildings with range 43.98µg/m3 and 88.98µg/m3 respectively. Based on this, the ratios of exposure assessment of PM₂.₅ concentration between old and new buildings was calculated (1.3 and 2.5 respectively) which above an acceptable risk. The temperature in the old building is significantly higher compared to the new building with median 30.04 ○ C and 29.37 ○ C. The relative humidity shows significantly higher in new building than the old building with 71.48% and 66.43% respectively, carbon dioxide also estimate the higher value in new building compared to old building with 424.68ppm and 394.8ppm. Both buildings discovered with higher PM₂.₅ which indicate to facilitate the recommendation and action taken to improve and minimize the exposure of fine particles among students which occupied the hostel building.


Item Type: Student Project
Email / ID Num.
Abu Zairi, Nur Syafiqah
Email / ID Num.
Megat Mokhtar, Megat Azman
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine > Environmental health. Including sewage disposal, air pollution, nuisances, water supply
T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering > Special types of environment. Including soil pollution, air pollution, noise pollution
T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering > Air pollution and its control > Indoor air pollution. Including indoor air quality
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Selangor > Puncak Alam Campus > Faculty of Health Sciences
Programme: Bachelor in Environmental Health and Safety
Keywords: Particulate matter, hostel building, exposure assessment, indoor air
Date: July 2017
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