Determination of heavy metals in organic and conventional vegetables and their potential health risks / Adrina A. Ghani

A. Ghani, Adrina (2017) Determination of heavy metals in organic and conventional vegetables and their potential health risks / Adrina A. Ghani. [Student Project] (Unpublished)

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Abstract

Organic foods become more popular among the consumer because the organic producer claimed that the production of organic food is safer, healthier and environmental friendly. However there is no strong evident that shows the organic food is better than other types of food. The aim of this study is to determine the concentration of heavy metals in organic and conventional vegetables and comparison of heavy metals concentration in leafy and fruit vegetables. A number of 64 samples of organic and conventional vegetables had been collected and analysed by using atomic absorption spectrophotometric (AAS) to determine the concentration of heavy metals (Cd, Zn and Pb) in organic and conventional vegetables. To study the potential health risk from the consumption of organic and conventional vegetables, the target hazard quotient (THQ) and hazard index (HI) were used. The analysis of Pb shows no detection of Pb in both types of vegetables. The concentration of Zn in conventional vegetables is significantly higher than organic. While, there is no significant difference of Cd in organic and conventional vegetables. The concentration Cd and Zn in leafy vegetables is significantly higher than fruit vegetables. Based on Malaysia Food Regulations and WHO/FAO Food Standard the concentration of Cd in organic and conventional vegetables exceeds the safe limit stated in both standards. The study of HI shows that the HI values for organic and conventional vegetables are 2.93 and 3.03 respectively. This shows that the consumer may have potential health risk due to consumption of organic and conventional vegetables.

Metadata

Item Type: Student Project
Creators:
Creators
Email
A. Ghani, Adrina
2013435764
Contributors:
Contribution
Name
Email / ID Num.
Advisor
Shafie, Farah Ayuni
UNSPECIFIED
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine > Environmental health. Including sewage disposal, air pollution, nuisances, water supply
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine > Personal health and hygiene. Including clothing, bathing, exercise, travel, nutrition, sleep, sex hygiene
T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering > Environmental pollution
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Selangor > Puncak Alam Campus > Faculty of Health Sciences
Programme: Bachelor in Environmental Health and Safety
Item ID: 49297
Uncontrolled Keywords: organic, vegetables, health risk, heavy metal, target hazard quotient (THQ)
URI: https://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/49297

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