Manganese in the source of groundwater in Malaysia and the method for the removal process: A review on the adsorption and membrane separation processes / Norin Zamiah Kassim Shaari and Ahmed Qutb Akmal Sajali

Kassim Shaari, orin Zamiah and Akmal Sajali, Ahmed Qutb (2021) Manganese in the source of groundwater in Malaysia and the method for the removal process: A review on the adsorption and membrane separation processes / Norin Zamiah Kassim Shaari and Ahmed Qutb Akmal Sajali. Malaysian Journal of Chemical Engineering and Technology (MJCET), 4 (1). pp. 1-7. ISSN 2682-8588

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Abstract

In Malaysia, the quality of groundwater as one of the main sources drinking water is deteriorated due to the presence of a high level of manganese, which exceeds the allowable values for drinking water consumption. Manganese at concentration higher than 0.1 mg/L causes staining, high turbidity and bad taste problem in drinking water, and eventually can cause a depletion of brain dopamine and a syndrome of motor dysfunction and memory loss resembling Parkinson disease. Several methods have been used to eliminate manganese from the groundwater, which include precipitation, coagulation, ion exchange, oxidation and filtration, aeration, activated carbon adsorption, ionic liquid extraction and biosorption. Among those methods, adsorption is the most efficient and cheaper method to remove heavy metal as the operation is easily be controlled and the reversible adsorbents can be regenerated through a suitable process. Membrane filtration on the other hand particularly reverse osmosis and nanofiltration have been found to be a very effective and economical way to isolate components that are suspended or dissolved in a liquid. In addition to that, the combination of adsorption and membrane filtration process such as polymer enhanced ultrafiltration and adsorptive membrane respectively are currently attracted attentions. This paper provides a review on the adsorption process and membrane filtration process for manganese removal, with subsequently outlining the potential adsorbents to be incorporated in the fabrication of adsorptive membrane.

Metadata

Item Type: Article
Creators:
Creators
Email
Kassim Shaari, orin Zamiah
norinzamiah@uitm.edu.my
Akmal Sajali, Ahmed Qutb
UNSPECIFIED
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences > Enviromental management
Q Science > QD Chemistry > Physical and theoretical chemistry > Chemical elements
Q Science > QD Chemistry > Analytical chemistry
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam > Faculty of Chemical Engineering
Journal or Publication Title: Malaysian Journal of Chemical Engineering and Technology (MJCET)
UiTM Journal Collections: UiTM Journal > Malaysian Journal of Chemical Engineering and Technology (MJCET)
ISSN: 2682-8588
Volume: 4
Number: 1
Page Range: pp. 1-7
Official URL: https://mjcetfkk.uitm.edu.my/
Item ID: 48965
Uncontrolled Keywords: Manganese, Groundwater, Malaysia
URI: https://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/48965

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48965

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