Reflectance and transmittance in linear Fabry- Perot interferometer in case of dielectric medium and oblique incidence / Tunku Puteri Nor Ajeerah Tunku Ahmad Tajuddin Bukhari

Tunku Ahmad Tajuddin Bukhari, Tunku Puteri Nor Ajeerah (2012) Reflectance and transmittance in linear Fabry- Perot interferometer in case of dielectric medium and oblique incidence / Tunku Puteri Nor Ajeerah Tunku Ahmad Tajuddin Bukhari. [Student Project] (Unpublished)

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Abstract

Two French physicists (Alfred Perot and Charles Fabry) developed the classical Fabry-Perot interferometer (FPI) or etalon at the beginning of the twentieth century. This novel form of interference device was based on multiple reflections of waves between two closely spaced and highly reflecting mirrors (the original thinly silvered plane glass mirrors were adjusted to be as flat and parallel to each other as possible). Alternative but conceptually equivalent elements are the "solid" etalon made from some low-loss materials (e.g., fused quartz or sapphire) or the Fabry-Perot (FP) cavity whose reflectors are partially transparent metal mirrors (e.g., perforated plates) or multilayer dielectric coatings (e.g., Bragg mirrors). The general concepts and theoretical analysis of these resonant optical cavities were published about the middle of the nineteenth century. Plane-parallel FPhave sharp resonances or transmission passbands at discrete frequencies. They thus behave as narrowband frequency filters. Their main characteristics (standing-wave resonance conditions, resonant frequencies, fringe contrast, free spectral range, half-power bandwidth, Q factor, reflectivity finesse) can be found in any general textbook dealing with optical resonators. Although approximate, this analytical treatment reveals itself very fruitful for the analysis of FP-based devices operating at microwave and millimeter-wave frequencies. In their original form, FP used only flat reflecting surfaces, and the spacing between the mirrors was usually smaller than, or at most on the same scale as, the transverse diameters of the mirrors. Moreover, the FP interferometers were usually illuminated with a converging or diverging beam having a spread of angular directions, which resulted in "Fabry-Perot rings" transmitted through the interferometer in given discrete angular directions. Thus resonators are used as are spatial filters. In particular,the high directivity of FP-based resonator antennas originates from this property.

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Item Type: Student Project
Creators:
Creators
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Tunku Ahmad Tajuddin Bukhari, Tunku Puteri Nor Ajeerah
UNSPECIFIED
Contributors:
Contribution
Name
Email / ID Num.
Thesis advisor
Ibrahim, Abdel Baset (Dr.)
UNSPECIFIED
Subjects: Q Science > QC Physics > Electricity and magnetism
Q Science > QC Physics > Electricity and magnetism > Dielectrics
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam > Faculty of Applied Sciences
Programme: Bachelor of Science (Hons.) Physics
Item ID: 48697
Uncontrolled Keywords: Fabry-Perot interferometer (FPI), Etelon, Dielectric medium
URI: https://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/48697

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