Activated carbon from fruit-based biomass for supercapacitor – mini review / Norha Abdul Hadi, Mawar Hasyikin Abu Seman and Madhiyah Yahaya Bermakai

Abdul Hadi, Norha and Abu Seman, Mawar Hasyikin and Yahaya Bermakai, Madhiyah (2021) Activated carbon from fruit-based biomass for supercapacitor – mini review / Norha Abdul Hadi, Mawar Hasyikin Abu Seman and Madhiyah Yahaya Bermakai. Universiti Teknologi MARA, Negeri Sembilan, 9. pp. 117-126. ISSN 2289-6368

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Abstract

Derivation of activated carbon from biomass wastes for energy storage applications such as fuel cells and supercapacitors are attracting wide attractions as the world is now demand for other sustainable energy that can help to explore new technologies especially for energy conversion and storage. This is important because the world now is facing a rapid depletion of fossil energy. In this review, an outline
of recent trends towards biomass-derived specifically from fruit-based biomass wastes is explained in a holistic manner. Thanks to their high carbon content, high specific surface area and developed porous structure, biomass-derived chars can be treated and converted into carbon. The performance of activated carbon in terms of Brunette Emmet Teller (BET) surface area, micropore volume, total pore volume and specific capacitance has been reported. This review showed that higher BET surface will contribute to higher pore volume in the activated carbon that makes them good candidates for the fabrication of electrodes in supercapacitor applications. This study was focused on providing a detailed comparison of published studies that utilized different physical and chemical routes and their effect of modification such as various activation temperatures and the ratio of activating agents towards the performance of the activated carbon under different parameters. Implementing chemical routes with an ideal 600°C – 850°C and inclusion ratio might be effective to produce high performance activated carbon.

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Item Type: Article
Creators:
Creators
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Abdul Hadi, Norha
UNSPECIFIED
Abu Seman, Mawar Hasyikin
UNSPECIFIED
Yahaya Bermakai, Madhiyah
UNSPECIFIED
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General) > Study and teaching > Laboratories. General works
Q Science > QD Chemistry > Inorganic chemistry
Q Science > QD Chemistry > Inorganic chemistry > Carbon disulfide. Graphene. Carbon
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Negeri Sembilan
Journal or Publication Title: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Negeri Sembilan
UiTM Journal Collections: UiTM Journal > Journal of Academia (JoA)
ISSN: 2289-6368
Volume: 9
Page Range: pp. 117-126
Item ID: 48546
Uncontrolled Keywords: Activated carbon, fruit-based biomass, supercapacitor, mini review
URI: https://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/48546

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48546

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