Modelling and monitoring water quality of inland waterbodies using remote sensing and GIS methods / Assoc. Prof. Dr. Wan Mohd Naim Wan Mohd, Assoc. Prof. Abdul Malek Mohd Noor and Ainon Nisa Othman

Wan Mohd, Wan Mohd Naim (Assoc. Prof. Dr.) and Mohd Noor, Abdul Malek (Assoc. Prof.) and Othman, Ainon Nisa (2006) Modelling and monitoring water quality of inland waterbodies using remote sensing and GIS methods / Assoc. Prof. Dr. Wan Mohd Naim Wan Mohd, Assoc. Prof. Abdul Malek Mohd Noor and Ainon Nisa Othman. [Research Reports] (Unpublished)

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Abstract

Malaysia can be considered as one of most developed nation among Developing Countries and has undergone rapid development in many sectors. One of the consequences of rapid development is water pollution. Almost half of the coastal waters and beaches monitored by the Department of Environment are polluted with oil and grease mainly from ships plying Malaysian waters. As the country is now having a fast economic growth, there will definitely be an increase in water demand for other sectors such as industries and household consumers and coupled with the country's limited water resources, there is a need for a more efficient and responsive water quality monitoring and distribution management system to be implemented especially in the supply sources (i.e. reservoir). Catchment can be categorized as sensitive area. The developments within the catchment areas affect the water quality of the nearby reservoir. The program to monitor water quality of water bodies such as reservoirs in Malaysia is limited. A limited number of water quality monitoring stations, limits the initial strategy in water quality monitoring and prevention programs in Malaysia. Manual technique of monitoring water quality is costly and time consuming. One possibIe alternative is to use remote sensing technology. The objectives of this study are to i) review existing models which relates of satellite images spectral reflectance and water quality parameter, ii) to map and compare water quality of six (6) reservoirs in the state of Selangor and Negeri Sembilan based on existing models and Hi) to identify the relationship between water quality and land use development within the catchment areas. Three (3) different Landsat 7 Enhance Thematic Mapper Plus (ETM+) datasets dated 15th July 2000, 31st May 2001 and 20th September 2001 were used. Manual water quality sampling of the Klang Gates Reservoir were also carried out on the 17th March 2004 and 23rd March 2004. This study only concentrate one water quality parameter i.e. total suspended solids (TSS). The study areas for this research include six (6) reservoirs located within the Klang Valley Region and part of Negeri Sembilan. Two (2) different models as used by earlier researchers, Baban (1993) and Keiner and Yan (1998) were used in this study. The kriging interpolation in the ArcView GIS 3.1 software is used to generate the water quality maps based on manual water quality sampling. ERDAS Imagine software is used to generate water quality maps from satellite images. Initial results from this study have indicated that Klang Gates Reservoir have poorer water quality at the upstream as compared with the downstream. Different results are obtained when different models are applied to the Landsat 7 ETM+ images of the study areas. The Langat and Klang Gates reservoirs can be considered to have good water quality (low TSS concentration) as compared to other reservoirs such as Semenyih, Sungai Batu, Sungai Terip and Sungai Buloh. Sungai Terip reservoir has the worst water quality. Land use development with the catchment and the amount of rainfall contribute the degradation of reservoir water quality.

Metadata

Item Type: Research Reports
Creators:
Creators
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Wan Mohd, Wan Mohd Naim (Assoc. Prof. Dr.)
UNSPECIFIED
Mohd Noor, Abdul Malek (Assoc. Prof.)
UNSPECIFIED
Othman, Ainon Nisa
UNSPECIFIED
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > G Geography (General) > Geographic information systems
G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > G Geography (General) > Geographic information systems > Geospatial data
G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GB Physical geography > Hydrology. Water
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam > Research Management Centre (RMC) > Institute of Research, Development and Commercialization (IRDC)
Item ID: 48451
Uncontrolled Keywords: Water, Pollution, Malaysia
URI: https://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/48451

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