Paper mill sludge as fillers in polypropylene thermoplastic composites / Jamaludin Kasim … [et al.]

Kasim, Jamaludin (Prof. Madya Dr.) (2002) Paper mill sludge as fillers in polypropylene thermoplastic composites / Jamaludin Kasim … [et al.]. [Research Reports] (Unpublished)

Abstract

Paper mill sludge was collected from Union Paper Mill Sdn. Bhd., Bentong in the form of wet paste, oven-dried and grounded into powder form to be use as filler in the manufacture of polypropylene thermoplastic composites. Three different particle sizes (<0.15, 0.15 and >0.15 mm sieve size) was blended into polypropylene at 10 to 50% filler loading and a 3% maleated anhydride polypropylene was added as a coupling agent. The composite properties of modulus of rupture, tensile strength and flexural modulus decreased significantly while the elongation at break and water absorption increases with bigger particles. Increasing the filler content from 10 to 50% showed a significant decrease in the modulus of rupture, tensile strength and elongation at break. However the modulus properties of tensile and flexural, and the water absorption properties increased significantly. Addition of maleated anhydride polypropylene does not show any improvement towards the composite properties. The blended admixture could be use as a starting raw material in the manufacture of various thermoplastic products that does not require high strength properties.

Metadata

Item Type: Research Reports
Creators:
Creators
Email / ID Num.
Kasim, Jamaludin (Prof. Madya Dr.)
UNSPECIFIED
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery > Mechanical devices and figures. Automata. Ingenious mechanisms.Robots (General)
T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery > Control engineering systems. Automatic machinery (General)
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam > Research Management Centre (RMC) > Institute of Research, Development and Commercialization (IRDC) > Bureau of Research and Consultancy
Keywords: Paper mill sludge, Union Paper Mill Sdn. Bhd., Bentong Polypropylene thermoplastic
Date: 2002
URI: https://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/48252
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