Deoxynucleotide triphosphates (dNTPs) concentration in polymerase chain reaction: effects on DNA amplification / Mohd Fahmi Mastuki

Mastuki, Mohd Fahmi (2007) Deoxynucleotide triphosphates (dNTPs) concentration in polymerase chain reaction: effects on DNA amplification / Mohd Fahmi Mastuki. [Student Project] (Unpublished)


The roles of various reagents in different polymerase chain reaction (PCR) protocols and the necessity to optimize specific PCR applications with respect to deoxynucleotide triphosphates (dNTPs) have been discussed by many researchers. In this study, the concentration of dNTPs influencing PCR amplification was carried out. DNA amplification was performed using six different concentration of dNTPs with other PCR reagents including the Taq polymerase, primer and DNA template concentrations, the PCR cycling parameters and the number of PCR cycles remained constant. The amplified DNA were separated by agarose gel electrophoresis and stained with ethidium bromide. The visualization of nucleic acid band was done using a gel documentation system. The results indicated that the dNTPs is needed in the amplification of DNA. DNA amplification for this particular DNA template and PCR profile was optimal with 0.08 mM dNTPs concentration. A further increased or decreased of the dNTPs concentration results in poor amplification of DNA. In concentration of 0.02 mM, DNA amplification still occurred but in the absence of dNTPs, there was no amplification produced. In the excess of 0.10 mM dNTPs, the band failed to form. In conclusion, the concentration of dNTPs has significant effects on the amplification of DNA. Excessively high or low dNTPs concentration will result in a corresponding low yield or no amplification of DNA at all. The dNTPs concentration must therefore be determined empirically in order to yield good DNA amplification.


Item Type: Student Project
Email / ID Num.
Mastuki, Mohd Fahmi
Email / ID Num.
Thesis advisor
Hassan (Hj), Zuridah (Dr. Hjh)
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences > Enviromental management
T Technology > TP Chemical technology > Chemical engineering
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam > Faculty of Health Sciences
Programme: Bachelor of Science (Hons.) Medical Technology
Keywords: Polymerase chain reaction (PCR), Deoxynucleotide triphosphates (dNTPs), DNA
Date: 2007
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