Removal of phenanthrene by rhodococcus zopfii in an attached natural biofilm / Rosadibah Mohd Towel

Mohd Towel, Rosadibah (2021) Removal of phenanthrene by rhodococcus zopfii in an attached natural biofilm / Rosadibah Mohd Towel. PhD thesis, Universiti Teknologi MARA.

Abstract

Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are a group of organic compounds, which present as contaminants in wastewater treatment plants. The bacterial mitigation technique was employed in this study, which was Rhodococcus species to degrade one of the potential PAHs, phenanthrene. Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction (XRD) were implemented for the identification of functional groups and the absorption characteristic on the natural biofilm surface. The polymerase chain reaction (PCR) method has successfully identified and verified the bacteria as Rhodococcus zopfii DSM 44. In this study, a complete biodegradation of 1mg/L phenanthrene by R. zopfii was achieved within 7 days, indicating the attachment of R. zopfii on the natural biofilm surface. The biodegradation rate of phenanthrene in the presence of natural biofilm was 0.26mg/L/day (R2=0.95), which was 1.52 times higher than that without natural biofilm (0.17mg/L/day) (R2=0.95). Approximately, 46%, 99%, and 100% biodegradation of phenanthrene by R. zopfii significantly occurred in the wastewater at initial bacteria populations of 106, 108, and 1010, respectively. The biodegradation rate of phenanthrene was accelerated by 54% in the presence of natural biofilm and high initial bacteria population (1010) to 0.33mg/L/day (R2=0.93), which was 1.08 times higher than the biodegradation rate at 108 bacteria population (0.30mg/L/day) (R2=0.94). Meanwhile, the optimum pH condition required to enhance the biodegradation of phenanthrene by R. zopfii was at neutral pH (pH 7.0-7.2), with 0.44mg/L/day (R2=0.86) biodegradation rate was achieved at an initial pH of 7, which was 1.30 times higher than that at initial pH 7.2 (0.34mg/L/day) (R2=0.98). In this study, coumarin, catechol, and phthalic acids were identified in the phenanthrene degradation, and detailed phenanthrene pathway was constructed based on the metabolic results. The two (2) mathematical equations were successfully formulated to simulate the whole system of biodegradation of phenanthrene by R. zopfii with natural biofilm, namely, non-inhibition (below 50mg/L) and inhibition (above 50mg/L) equations. This study ultimately contributes to the remediation efficiency of municipal wastewater containing phenanthrene. Moreover, this study verified the non-toxic intermediate compound on the by-products study of degradation of phenanthrene

Metadata

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Creators:
Creators
Email / ID Num.
Mohd Towel, Rosadibah
2012757885
Contributors:
Contribution
Name
Email / ID Num.
Thesis advisor
Amir, Amnorzahira (Ir. Dr.)
UNSPECIFIED
Subjects: Q Science > QR Microbiology > Microbial ecology
Q Science > QR Microbiology > Microbial ecology > Water. Aquatic microbiology
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam > Faculty of Civil Engineering
Programme: Doctor of Philosophy (Civil Engineering) – EC950
Keywords: aromatic, organic, wastewater
Date: 2021
URI: https://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/46900
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46900

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