The improvements of spark ignition (SI) engine's performance and emissions using different research octane number (RON) gasoline blend with ethanol - methanol / Md. Farid Md. Boizi

Md. Boizi, Md. Farid (2021) The improvements of spark ignition (SI) engine's performance and emissions using different research octane number (RON) gasoline blend with ethanol - methanol / Md. Farid Md. Boizi. Masters thesis, Universiti Teknologi MARA.


An internal combustion engine's performance and emission depend on the fuel quality that runs it. For the spark-ignition engine type, the quality of the gasoline is determined by its research octane number or RON. Generally, the higher the RON number is, the better it can resist engine knocking, thus increasing the performance. Nevertheless, a high-performance engine emits hazardous gases from the exhaust emissions to the surrounding. Therefore, an environmentally friendly alternative fuel needs to be explored to replace this non-renewable fossil-based gasoline. Alcohol such as ethanol and methanol possess a great potential to substitute gasoline due to their favourable physicochemical properties. This study investigated the effects of dual alcohol additives blended with a different research octane number gasoline on the performance and emissions of a spark-ignition engine. In Malaysia, three commercial petrol types are available for vehicle users, typically RON95, RON97, and the most premium grade RON100. The ethanol-methanol-gasoline blends were prepared with a fixed concentration of 15% ethanol and 10% methanol with the respective baseline fuel. The resultant blends were denoted as E15M10R95 and E15M10R97. The pure RON95 and RON97 gasoline are also being tested, whereby all fuel blends are benchmarked with the RON100 premium-grade gasoline. The physicochemical properties of these blends were measured in terms of density, kinematic viscosity, as well as calorific value, and later, were tested in a small spark-ignition gasoline engine. The results showed that the density and kinematic viscosity of ethanol-methanol-gasoline fuel blends increases compared with their pure gasoline reference. Inversely, the calorific value was found to decrease as the dual alcohols were added to the base fuel. The engine performance and emissions experiments were carried out on a single-cylinder SI engine at a constant 3000 rpm speed using 20%, 30%, 40% and 50% engine loads. In general, the results demonstrated that the Brake Specific Fuel Consumption (BSFC) for all fuels decreases as applied engine load increases. For the Brake Thermal Efficiency (BTE), it is observed that all fuels exhibit discrete incremental changes as the applied engine load increases with E15M10R95 shown the most profound results compared to RON100. Meanwhile, no significant variations of Exhaust Gas Temperature (EGT) were observed as an applied load on the engine gradually increased. The exhaust emissions indicate that ethanol-methanol-gasoline blends produced higher CO2 and NOx emissions while CO emissions decrease. In conclusion, the ethanol-methanol-gasoline fuel blends improved engine performance and emissions in terms of BSFC, BTE and CO emissions compared to pure gasoline. Thus, dual alcohol additives are a practical alternative for blending with a lower grade RON95 fuel exceeding a premium grade RON100 gasoline performance.


Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Email / ID Num.
Md. Boizi, Md. Farid
Email / ID Num.
Thesis advisor
Abdullah, Nik Rosli (Assoc. Prof. Ts. Dr.)
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery > Machinery exclusive of prime movers
T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery > Mechanical devices and figures. Automata. Ingenious mechanisms.Robots (General)
T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery > Machine construction (General)
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam > Faculty of Mechanical Engineering
Programme: Master of Science (Mechanical Engineering)-EM703
Keywords: Spark ignition, Research octane number, Ethanol, methanol
Date: February 2021
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